Eduardo G Marvez-Valls

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OBJECTIVE To compare betamethasone with placebo as an adjuvant to antibiotic therapy in the treatment of acute exudative pharyngitis. METHODS The study was a randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled, single-center, parallel, outpatient clinical trial. After consent was obtained, each patient was asked to rate his or her pain on a 10-cm numbered(More)
The study objective was to compare the topical anesthetic LAT (4% lidocaine, 1:2,000 adrenaline, 1% tetracaine) to TAC (0.5% tetracaine, 1:2,000 adrenaline, 11.8% cocaine) for efficacy, adverse effects, and costs. The study design was a randomized, prospective, double blind clinical trial set in an inner-city emergency department with an emergency medicine(More)
To estimate the rates of syphilis infection in inner-city patients managed by prehospital providers, a convenience sampling of prehospital patients who had intravenous lines initiated was screened for syphilis over a nine-month study period from February 1992 through October 1992. In a university-affiliated inner-city emergency department served by a city(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate a protocol for rapid sequence intubation (RSI) for pediatric patients in a Level 1 trauma center. MATERIAL/METHODS Retrospective review of prospectively gathered Continuing Quality Improvement (CQI) data at an inner city Level 1 trauma center with an emergency medicine residency program. Protocols for RSI were established prior to(More)
UNLABELLED Previous study has shown that the use of intramuscular (IM) steroid leads to improved symptoms in patients with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). OBJECTIVE To compare oral with IM steroids as an adjunct to antibiotic therapy in the treatment of acute exudative pharyngitis. The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether adults who witnessed intimate partner violence (IPV) as children would have an increased rate of being victims of ongoing IPV, as measured by the Ongoing Violence Assessment Tool (OVAT), compared with adult controls who did not witness IPV as children. The authors also sought to determine whether there were differences in(More)
The objective of the study was to compare topical lidocaine adrenaline tetracaine (LAT gel) with injectable buffered lidocaine with epinephrine regarding pain of application or injection and anesthesia effectiveness. The study was a randomized prospective comparison trial in an urban emergency department. Physicians and patients ranked the pain of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Our previous study demonstrated that 1% diphenhydramine is as effective as 1% lidocaine for anesthesia in minor laceration repair, but that it also is more painful to inject. The purpose of this study was to compare 0.5% diphenhydramine to 1% lidocaine for pain of injection and adequacy of local anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN Randomized,(More)
GOAL OF THIS STUDY To compare outcomes of incision and drainage with packing to needle aspiration of purulent buboes in patients with presumed chancroid. The safety and efficacy of incision and drainage were compared with that of needle aspiration. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The study was a prospective randomized, nonblinded clinical trial carried out from(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare four injectable anesthetics (buffered 1% lidocaine, buffered 1% lidocaine with epinephrine, plain 1% lidocaine with epinephrine, and 0.5% diphenhydramine with epinephrine) for pain of infiltration and effectiveness of anesthesia during suturing of minor lacerations. METHODS A prospective, randomized, double-blind, comparison trial of(More)
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