Eduardo Fernández-Martínez

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Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L., Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant widely used as remedy for pain and gastric disorders. The association of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with medicinal plant extracts may increase its antinociceptive activity, permit the use of lower doses and limit side effects. The aim was to isolate and identify the(More)
Thalidomide has shown to inhibit, selectively and mainly the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), thus, thalidomide has inhibitory consequences on other cytokines; this is ascribed as an immunomodulatory effect. Novel thalidomide analogs are reported with immunomodulatory activity. The aim of this work was to synthesize some of these analogs(More)
OBJECTIVE Thalidomide has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha and anti-collagen activities. Cirrhosis is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis. Thus, thalidomide was evaluated in an experimental model of liver cirrhosis. METHODS Male Wistar rats were used. Group 1 (n = 8) received mineral oil i.p. (control); group 2 (n = 15) received(More)
Dysmenorrhea is defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring just before or during menstruation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the mainstay of treatment, with the addition of oral contraceptive pills when necessary. With the widespread availability of over-the-counter NSAIDs, it is often assumed that women are treating(More)
There is evidence that local peripheral administration of codeine and morphine produces antinociception through the activation of the ATP-sensitive K(+)-channel. Therefore we evaluated the participation of this channel in the antinociceptive action produced by nalbuphine in the formalin test. Female Wistar rats (160-200 g) were injected in the dorsal(More)
It has been shown that the association of opioids analgesic agents with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can increase their antinociceptive activity, allowing the use of lower doses and thus limiting side effects. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to examine the possible pharmacological interaction between acemetacin and two opioids(More)
Aloysia triphylla is traditionally utilized for the treatment of menstrual colic (primary dysmenorrhea) in Mexico. Citral is the main chemical component found in Aloysia triphylla leaves extract. Primary dysmenorrhea is a very frequent gynecological disorder in menstruating women, affecting 30-60% of them. It is usually treated with non-steroidal(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of diclofenac, for the treatment of acute pain originated by lower-limb fracture and surgery, with that of diclofenac plus B vitamins. This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, and double-blinded clinical trial. Patients with lower-limb closed fractures rated their pain on a 10 cm visual analog(More)
Chronic bile duct ligation (BDL) is a useful model of cirrhosis. However, its parallel plasma and liver changes in levels of cytokines and nitric oxide (NO), involved in liver damage, remain unknown. The aims of this work were to quantify both the plasma and hepatic levels of five cytokines and NO in cirrhotic rats, 28 days after bile BDL, and to analyze(More)
Among various phenolic compounds, caffeic acid (3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) exhibited pharmacological antioxidant, anticancer and antimutagenic activities. The antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds depend on their chemical structure, however, the role of the ethylenic side chain in the radical scavenging activity remains controversial. Thus, the aim(More)