Eduardo F. Soto

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In order to further characterize the still unknown mechanism of cuprizone-induced demyelination, we investigated its effect on rat primary oligodendroglial cell cultures. Cell viability was not significantly affected by this treatment. However, when concentrations of IFNγ and/or TNFα having no deleterious effects per se on cell viability were added together(More)
In the present work we analyzed the capacity of thyroid hormones (THs) to improve remyelination using a rat model of cuprizone-induced demyelination previously described in our laboratories. Twenty one days old Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 0.6% cuprizone for two weeks to induce demyelination. After cuprizone withdrawal, rats were injected with(More)
Twenty-one-day-old Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 0.6% cuprizone for 2 weeks. Studies carried out after withdrawal of cuprizone showed histological evidences of marked demyelination in the corpus callosum. Biochemical studies of isolated myelin showed a marked decrease in myelin proteins, phospholipids, and galactocerebrosides as well as a marked(More)
We have used a model of iron deficiency in the rat to analyze the effects of a disruption in iron availability on oligodendroglial cell (OLGc) maturation and myelinogenesis and to explore the possible beneficial influence of an intracranial injection (ICI) of apotransferrin (aTf) at 3 days of age on this process. Studies carried out on postnatal days 17 and(More)
We have used lactacystin, a specific inhibitor of the 26S proteasome, in oligodendroglial cell (OLGc) primary cultures to explore the possible participation of the proteasome-ubiquitin-dependent pathway in the decision of the OLGcs to arrest their proliferation and start differentiation. Addition of lactacystin at various concentrations to cultures(More)
Three-day-old rats were injected intracranially with 210 or 350 ng of apotransferrin (aTf) to study the possible neurotrophic effects of this iron transport protein. Treated animals and appropriate controls were injected with saline, denatured aTf or ovalbumin. Myelin was isolated from the brains and used to study its chemical composition and the protein(More)
We have carried out a study of the effects of sustained neonatal hyperthyroidism on myelin and on the oligodendroglial cells, in an effort to obtain further insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the action of thyroid hormones on the central nervous system (CNS). Expression of the mRNAs of myelin basic protein (MBP) myelin proteolipid protein(More)
We have recently shown that sustained neonatal hyperthyroidism in the rat activates apoptosis of oligodendroglial cells (OLGc) and that inhibition of the proteasome-ubiquitin (Ub) pathway by lactacystin produces increased apoptosis in cerebellar granule cells (CGC). In the present study we have analyzed the relationship between the activation of the(More)
Mechanisms that regulate oligodendroglial cell (OLGc) differentiation are the focus of intensive research in the field of cellular and molecular neurobiology. We have previously shown that the addition of apotransferrin (aTf) to primary OLGc cultures accelerates their differentiation and induces an increase in the expression of different components of the(More)
Brain slices obtained from young rats were incubated with different radioactive precursors, in the presence and absence of L-cycloserine (an inhibitor of the synthesis of sphingosine) in order to explore the possibility that transport of proteolipids--and specifically of the major myelin proteolipid PLP--to the myelin membrane could be coupled to the(More)