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Postinjury fibrinolysis can manifest as three distinguishable phenotypes: 1) hyperfibrinolysis, 2) physiologic, and 3) hypofibrinolysis (shutdown). Hyperfibrinolysis is associated with uncontrolled bleeding due to clot dissolution; whereas, fibrinolysis shutdown is associated with organ dysfunction due to microvascular occlusion. The incidence of(More)
INTRODUCTION The mechanisms driving trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) remain to be defined, and its therapy demands an orchestrated replacement of specific blood products. Thrombelastography (TEG) is a tool to guide the TIC multicomponent therapy. Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical approach that identifies variable clusters; thus, we(More)
BACKGROUND Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) have become standard of care in the management of bleeding injured patients, yet strategies to guide them vary widely. We conducted a pragmatic, randomized clinical trial (RCT) to test the hypothesis that an MTP goal directed by the viscoelastic assay thrombelastography (TEG) improves survival compared with an(More)
BACKGROUND Policymakers question whether there is a relationship between the number and distribution of physicians and the outcomes for important health conditions. We hypothesized that increasing primary care physician supply would be related to earlier detection of colorectal cancer. METHODS We identified incident cases of colorectal cancer occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND Primary care physician (PCP) services may have an impact on breast cancer mortality and incidence, possibly through greater use of screening mammography. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective, 1:1 matching case-control study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked database to examine use of PCP(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity may be associated with later detection of cancer. METHODS Incident cases of colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer and melanoma were determined from the 1994 Florida state tumor registry (N = 32,074). The relationship between comorbidity and late stage at diagnosis was examined using multiple logistic regression. RESULTS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrinolysis is a physiologic process maintaining patency of the microvasculature. Maladaptive overactivation of this essential function (hyperfibrinolysis) is proposed as a pathologic mechanism of trauma-induced coagulopathy. Conversely, the shutdown of fibrinolysis has also been observed as a pathologic phenomenon. We hypothesize that there is(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease has a high incidence following trauma, but debate remains regarding optimal prophylaxis. Thrombelastography (TEG) has been suggested to be optimal in guiding prophylaxis. Thus, we designed a phase II randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that TEG-guided prophylaxis with escalating low-molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Postinjury hyperfibrinolysis (HF), defined as LY30 of 3% or greater on rapid thrombelastography (rTEG), is associated with high mortality and large use of blood products. We observed that some cases of HF are reversible and are associated with patients who respond to hemostatic resuscitation; however, other cases of severe HF seem to be(More)
INTRODUCTION Systemic hyperfibrinolysis (accelerated clot degradation) and fibrinolysis shutdown (impaired clot degradation) are associated with increased mortality compared with physiologic fibrinolysis after trauma. Animal models have not reproduced these changes. We hypothesize rodents have a shutdown phenotype that require an exogenous profibrinolytic(More)