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A large body of literature suggest that vascular reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases are important sources of reactive oxygen species. Many studies, however, relied on data obtained with the inhibitor apocynin (4'-hydroxy-3'methoxyacetophenone). Because the mode of action of apocynin, however, is elusive, we determined its(More)
P450-dependent arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites regulate arterial tone by modulating calcium-activated (BK) potassium channels in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Because eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to improve vascular function, we tested the hypothesis that P450-dependent epoxygenation of EPA produces alternative vasoactive(More)
AA (arachidonic acid) hydroxylation to 20-HETE (20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) influences renal vascular and tubular function. To identify the CYP (cytochrome P450) isoforms catalysing this reaction in the mouse kidney, we analysed the substrate specificity of Cyp4a10, 4a12a, 4a12b and 4a14 and determined sex- and strain-specific expressions. All(More)
Epoxyeicotrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450-dependent anti-hypertensive and anti-inflammatory derivatives of arachidonic acid, which are highly abundant in the kidney and considered reno-protective. EETs are degraded by the enzyme soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and sEH inhibitors are considered treatment for chronic renal failure (CRF). We(More)
Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid to epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) regioisomers, which activate several signaling pathways to promote endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. Since vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in angiogenesis, we assessed a possible role of EETs in the(More)
Recent findings have indicated a role for cytochrome P-450 (CYP) epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in acute hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Given that the intracellular concentration of EETs is determined by the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), we assessed the influence of the sEH and 11,12-EET on pulmonary artery pressure and(More)
Fatty acid epoxides are important lipid signaling molecules involved in the regulation of vascular tone and homeostasis. Tissue and plasma levels of these mediators are determined by the activity of cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), and targeting the latter is an effective way of manipulating epoxide levels in vivo. We(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric cerebrocerebellar neurodegenerative disorders such as ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) have not been examined in detail for neuropsychologic changes. Such studies may contribute to the further understanding of ataxia-telangiectasia and to the role of the cerebrocerebellar system in the development of cognitive function in childhood. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) elicit cell proliferation and promote angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of CYP epoxygenases in the bovine retina and the potential role of EETs in hypoxia-induced angiogenesis in bovine retinal endothelial cells. METHODS Bovine retinal(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the mechanisms underlying vascular endothelial and contractile dysfunction in diabetes as well as the effect of HMR1766, a novel nitric oxide (NO)-independent activator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two weeks after induction of diabetes by streptozotocin, Wistar rats received either placebo or(More)