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Sequence analysis of the actVA region of the actinorhodin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces coelicolor revealed a succession of six open reading frames (ORFs), all running in the same direction and extending over 5.32 kb. The protein product of actVA-ORF1 strongly resembles that of another gene, elsewhere in the act cluster (actII-ORF2), which codes(More)
Child maltreatment and substance abuse are both international public health priorities. Research shows that child maltreatment increases the risk for substance use and problems. Thus, recognition of this relationship may have important implications for substance demand reduction strategies, including efforts to prevent and treat substance use and related(More)
We have found a direct relationship between protein production in Pichia pastoris and the number of introduced synthetic genes of miniproinsulin (MPI), fused to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae pre-pro alpha factor used as secretion signal, and inserted between the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and terminator sequences. Two consecutive approaches were(More)
The IncW plasmid R388 and the DNA region of Tn21 containing the Smr and the Sur genes are capable of RecA-independent recombination. This recombination occurs at a relatively high frequency (up to 10-4 recombinants per recipient molecule) and results in integration of the two plasmids. No detectable repeats are formed in the process. The crossover points(More)
Increased expression of recombinant mini-proinsulin in Pichia pastoris in 2.5 l bioreactors was achieved by increasing the cultivation pH from 5.1 to 6.3, by decreasing the temperature from 28 to 22 °C, and by periodical addition of ammonium sulfate and EDTA to the culture broth. Using this procedure, mini-proinsulin reached nearly 0.3 g l−1 in the culture(More)
The ability of the Pichia pastoris-based technology for large-scale production of recombinant hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and both reproducibly purify HBsAg and remove most of the relevant contaminants was ascertained by evaluating ten industrial production batches, five in 1993 and five in 1998. At an early stage, the clarification of(More)
Production of immunogenic hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope proteins will assist in the future development of preventive or therapeutics applications. Only properly folded monomeric E2 protein is able to bind a putative cellular co-receptor CD81, but this interaction may modulate cell immune function. Recombinant E2 proteins, similar to the native form, but(More)
3-Aryl-3-fluorooxindoles can be efficiently synthesized in two steps by the addition of an aryl Grignard to an isatin, followed by treatment with DAST. Oxindole 1 (BMS-204352; MaxiPost) can be isolated using chiral HPLC or prepared by employing chiral resolution. Cloned maxi-K channels are opened by 1, which demonstrates a brain/plasma ratio >9 in rats.
In this paper we will describe the results of the ISAEUS project (TIDE DE 3004) achieved until now. The objective of this project is to develop a state of the art, cost effective, prototype for training deaf people in German, French and Spanish languages. We describe the user needs as understood for the users of ISAEUS: deaf persons and speech therapist.(More)
I would like to comment about Heberkinasa (recombinant streptokinase): one of the preparations included in the article written by Dr Hermentin et al. 1 The quality control system of the Center of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology has been successfully evaluated by the World Health Organization and another International Regulatory Organizations. The(More)