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We have characterized the regulation of nuclear factors involved in transcriptional control of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) promoter-enhancer activity in Jurkat T cells stimulated with superantigen presented on HLA-DR transfectants combined with the ligands LFA-3 (CD58) and B7-1 (CD80). Gel shift analyses showed that NF-AT was strongly induced in(More)
Asphyxia during delivery produces long-term deficits in brain development, including hippocampus. We investigated hippocampal plasticity after perinatal asphyxia, measuring postnatal apoptosis and neurogenesis. Asphyxia was performed by immersing rat fetuses with uterine horns removed from ready-to-deliver rats into a water bath for 20 min.(More)
Two signals are required for induction of cell proliferation and cytokine production in resting T cells. Occupancy of the T cell receptor by antigen/MHC complexes delivers the first signal to the T cell, while the second signal is provided by interaction with costimulatory ligands on APC. CD2, LFA-1, and CD28 are the major costimulatory and adhesive(More)
To address elements that might uniquely characterize EGR-1 mediated signaling, the expression of two transcription factors, namely, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) were studied. PC-3 and LNCaP prostate carcinoma cell lines were transiently transfected with wild-type Egr-1 expression plasmid (pCMV-Egr-1) and treated with(More)
This study compares the ability of LFA-3 (CD58) and B7-1 (CD80) ligands to provide costimulatory signals for superantigen (SAg)-stimulated CD8+ and CD4+ T cells. We show that B7-1 and LFA-3 costimulation activate CD8+ T cells to proliferation, cytokine production (IL-2, TNF, and IFN-gamma), and cytotoxicity. A long-lasting proliferative response was(More)
In this paper the contribution of different accessory molecules to the adhesion of resting, naive and memory CD4+ T cells was examined utilizing a panel of CHO cell transfectants as model antigen-presenting cells (APCs). CD4+ T lymphocytes demonstrated strong adhesion to HLA-DR4 transfected CHO cells co-expressing B7, ICAM-1 or LFA-3 molecules, suggesting(More)
This report describes our research on transportation planning and scheduling supported by the ARPA/Rome Lab Planning Initiative (ARPI). The main goal of this project was to develop generic tools to support the construction of ex-ible, high-performance planning and scheduling software. Our technical approach is based on program transformation technology(More)
Previous studies have shown that c-Jun-N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1) is involved in the transformation of primary fibroblasts and plays a role in tumor cell growth. A number of observations suggest that JNK-1 is a growth promoting factor in prostate cancer cells and blocking its function may induce apoptosis. To test this(More)
In addition to the signals obtained by ligation of the TCR, T cells need additional, co-stimulatory signals to be activated. One such co-stimulatory signal is delivered when CD28 on T cells binds to CD80 or CD86 on antigen-presenting cells (APC). In the present study, we analyzed the ability of CD80 and CD86 to co-stimulate human T cells activated by(More)