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Five hundred twenty processed respiratory specimens from 326 patients received for the diagnosis of tuberculosis or other mycobacterial infections were tested by means of the LCx Mycobacterium tuberculosis Assay from Abbott Laboratories, which uses ligase chain reaction technology for the direct detection of M. tuberculosis complex in respiratory specimens.(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, biological, and radiologic features of presentation in the emergency ward of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) by Legionella pneumophila (LP) and other community-acquired bacterial pneumonias to help in early diagnosis of CAP by LP. Three hundred ninety-two patients with CAP were studied prospectively in(More)
A sodium dodecyl (lauryl) sulfate method was evaluated for the preparation of blood specimens and bone marrow aspirates for use in two amplification procedures (Gen-Probe Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test [AMTDT] and Roche Amplicor M. avium/M. intracellulare [MAI] Test) for the detection and identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M.(More)
The clinical course of legionella pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients is uncertain. This study was undertaken to determine the clinical evolution of legionellosis on the basis of the immune state and to establish the variables associated with death directly related to legionellosis. The study included 78 patients: 28 with chronic disease who had received(More)
The Gen-Probe Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test (AMTDT) was adapted for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in 224 nonrespiratory specimens from 188 patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the AMTDT for such specimens, after resolution of discrepant results, were 85.7 and 100%, respectively. Pretreatment of nonrespiratory(More)
A rapid amplification-based test for the diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, the LCx Mycobacterium tuberculosis Assay from Abbott Laboratories, was evaluated. Results from the LCx M. tuberculosis Assay were compared with those from culture and the final clinical diagnosis for each patient. A total of 526 nonrespiratory specimens from 492 patients were(More)
We evaluated a commercially available radioimmunoassay technique for detecting the soluble antigen of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 using concentrated and nonconcentrated urine. Concentration was achieved by selective ultrafiltration. The sensitivity of the technique was 60.9% for nonconcentrated urine and 80.4% for concentrated samples, with 100%(More)
We evaluated the initial version of the Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test (Gen-Probe) (AMTDT 1) and the new version of AMTDT (AMTDT 2) for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis directly from respiratory and nonrespiratory samples and compared the results with those of culture and staining methods. The assays were applied to 410(More)
We evaluated a commercial enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kit for detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 soluble antigen by comparing it to radioimmunoassay (RIA), using both concentrated and nonconcentrated urine samples. The sensitivity of EIA was 67.4% in nonconcentrated urine samples and 82.6% in concentrated urine samples. The sensitivity of RIA was(More)
We evaluated a newly commercial enzyme immunoassay (EIA) (Biotest Legionella Urin Antigen EIA; Biotest AG, Dreieich, Germany) for detection of antigens of all Legionella pneumophila serogroups with a relatively wide spectrum of cross-reactivity as well as antigens of other Legionella spp. by comparing its sensitivity and specificity with those of an EIA for(More)