Eduardo A. Moscone

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The promoter homology-dependent inactivation of a 35Spro-hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt) gene, which is present at the H2 locus, by the multipurpose 271 silencing locus has been studied. The 271 locus can silence any gene under the control of the 35Spro as well as endogenous nitrite reductase (NiR) genes of tobacco because of the presence of a chimeric(More)
To study the influence of genomic context on transgene expression, we have determined the T-DNA structure, flanking DNA sequences, and chromosomal location of four independent transgene loci in tobacco. Two of these loci were stably expressed in the homozygous condition over many generations, whereas the other two loci became unstable after several(More)
The 5S and the 18S-25S rRNA genes were physically mapped by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in all botanical varieties of cultivated peanut Arachis hypogaea (2n = 4x = 40), in the wild tetraploid A. monticola, and in seven wild diploid species considered as putative ancestors of the tetraploids. A detailed karyotype analysis including the FISH(More)
We have used combined fluorescent and genomic in situ hybridization (FISH/GISH) together with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) counterstaining to determine simultaneously the chromosome integration site and subgenomic allocation of a transgene in-sert in amphidiploid tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, 2n=4x=48). The procedure provides sufficient information on(More)
One type of homology-dependent gene silencing in transgenic plants involves a silencing locus that is able to transcriptionally inactivate and methylate an unlinked target locus with which it shares sequence identity in promoter regions. In a manner resembling paramutation of endogenous genes, the target locus reactivates and loses methylation progressively(More)
Flow cytometric measurements of nuclear DNA content were performed using ethidium bromide as the DNA stain (internal standard, Hordeum vulgare 'Ditta', 1C = 5.063 pg) in 25 samples belonging to nine diploid species and four varieties of Capsicum: C. chacoense, C. parvifolium, C. frutescens, C. chinense, C. annuum var. annuum, C. baccatum var. baccatum, C.(More)
This paper describes molecular and cytogenetic evidence for the stability of a transgene locus that is present on the triplicated chromosome in an aneuploid tobacco line. This instability was manifested in several ways in trisomics including a major chromosome rearrangement that was detectable cytogenetically, smaller scale DNA rearrangements that occurred(More)
Arachis hypogaea is a natural, well-established allotetraploid (AABB) with 2n = 40. However, researchers disagree on the diploid genome donor species and on whether peanut originated by a single or multiple events of polyploidization. Here we provide evidence on the genetic origin of peanut and on the involved wild relatives using double GISH (genomic in(More)
The hexaploid liliaceous plant Ornithogalum longibracteatum (2n=6x=54) has a heterochromatin-rich bimodal karyotype with large (L) and small (S) chromosomes. The composition and subgenomic distribution of heterochromatin was studied using molecular and cytological methods. The major component of centromeric heterochromatin in all chromosomes is Sat1, an(More)
Giemsa C-banding is applied for the first time inCapsicum, allowing preliminary karyotype differentiation of six diploid species. Comparison of interphase nuclei and heterochromatic C-bands reveals striking differences between taxa and contributes to their taxonomic grouping. Therefore, C-banding appears to be a powerful tool for the cytogenetics and(More)