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Cyclic decapeptides were developed based on the previously reported peptide c(LysLeuLysLeuLysPheLysLeuLysGln). These compounds were active against the economically important plant pathogenic bacteria Erwinia amylovora, Pseudomonas syringae and Xanthomonas vesicatoria. A library of 56 cyclic decapeptides was prepared and screened for antibacterial activity(More)
Head-to-tail cyclic peptides of 4-10 residues consisting of alternating hydrophilic (Lys) and hydrophobic (Leu and Phe) amino acids were synthesized and tested against the economically important plant pathogenic bacteria Erwinia amylovora, Xanthomonas vesicatoria and Pseudomonas syringae. The antibacterial activity, evaluated as the minimal inhibitory(More)
A 125-member library of synthetic linear undecapeptides was prepared based on a previously described peptide H-K(1)KLFKKILKF(10)L-NH(2) (BP76) that inhibited in vitro growth of the plant pathogenic bacteria Erwinia amylovora, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria, and Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae at low micromolar concentrations. Peptides were(More)
BP100 (KKLFKKILKYL-NH(2)) is a short cecropin A-melittin hybrid peptide, obtained through a combinatorial chemistry approach, which is highly effective in inhibiting both the in vitro and in vivo growth of economically important plant pathogenic Gram-negatives. The intrinsic Tyr fluorescence of BP100 was taken advantage of to study the peptide's binding(More)
Short peptides of 11 residues were synthesized and tested against the economically important plant pathogenic bacteria Erwinia amylovora, Pseudomonas syringae, and Xanthomonas vesicatoria and compared to the previously described peptide Pep3 (WKLFKKILKVL-NH(2)). The antimicrobial activity of Pep3 and 22 analogues was evaluated in terms of the MIC and the(More)
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
The pharmaceutical potential of natural analgesic peptides is mainly hampered by their inability to cross the blood-brain barrier, BBB. Increasing peptide-cell membrane affinity through drug design is a promising strategy to overcome this limitation. To address this challenge, we grafted ibuprofen (IBP), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, to kyotorphin(More)
Amidated kyotorphin (L-Tyr-L-Arg-NH2; KTP-NH2) causes analgesia when systemically administered. The lipophilic ibuprofen-conjugated derivative of KTP-NH2 has improved analgesic efficacy. However, fast degradation by peptidases impacts negatively in the pharmacodynamics of these drugs. In this work, selected derivatives of KTP and KTP-NH2 were synthesized to(More)
There is a need of antimicrobial compounds in agriculture for plant-disease control, with low toxicity and reduced negative environmental impact. Antimicrobial peptides are produced by living organisms and offer strong possibilities in agriculture because new compounds can be developed based on natural structures with improved properties of activity,(More)
Antimicrobial peptides have been considered as potential candidates for cancer therapy. We report here the cytotoxicity of a library of 66 antibacterial cyclodecapeptides on human carcinoma cell lines, and their effects on apoptosis [as assessed by cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)] and cell signaling proteins (p53 and ERK1/2) in cultured human(More)