Learn More
BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies suggest a specific role of the anterior brain regions in the pathogenesis of major depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible neurochemical alterations in the frontomesial cortex in patients with major depressive episode using in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). METHODS Single(More)
Paroxysmal dyskinesias are episodic movement disorders that can be inherited or are sporadic in nature. The pathophysiology underlying these disorders remains largely unknown but may involve disrupted ion homeostasis due to defects in cell-surface channels or nutrient transporters. In this study, we describe a family with paroxysmal exertion-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the frequency and specificity of hypointense magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal changes alone with the frequency and specificity of a pathological MRI pattern consisting of a hyperintense lateral rim and a dorsolateral signal attenuation on T2-weighted MRIs in patients with parkinsonism of various origins. PATIENTS Ninety(More)
To compare the ability of T2*-weighted gradient echo (GE) and T2-weighted fast spin echo images to distinguish between patients with idiopathic PD and multiple system atrophy (MSA), the authors studied 15 patients with probable MSA, 40 patients with PD, and 17 healthy control subjects. Hypointense putaminal signal changes were more often observed in MSA(More)
The functional anatomical role of the basal ganglia in bimanual coordination is unknown. Utilizing functional MRI (fMRI) at 3 T, we analyzed brain activity during three different typing tasks. The first task consisted of typing with parallel finger movements (moving left to right with four fingers on both hands). The second task was mirror movements (moving(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease, leaving the patient in a partially or completely deafferented state. In an explorative study, we investigated responses to visual socio–emotional stimuli in ALS patients. Pictures from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) were verbally judged by 12 moderately affected ALS patients with a(More)
To show that Wilson's disease is one likely cause of multiple low-intensity nodules of the liver we obtained MR images in 16 patients with clinically and histopathologically confirmed Wilson's disease. Corresponding to morphological changes MRI enabled the subdivision of the patients into two groups. Using a T2-weighted spin-echo sequence (TR/TE =(More)
We investigated the basal ganglia, motor cortex area 4, and supplementary motor area (SMA) using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and five motor tasks: switching between finger and toe movements, writing, finger tapping, pronation/supination, and saccadic eye movements. We found reliable activation in the caudate nucleus and putamen in single(More)
A correlation of clinical, MRI, and neuropathological data is reported in two patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). On MRI, patient 1 showed striatal atrophy, reduction of T2 relaxation times within most of the putamen, and a band of hyperintense signal changes in the lateral putamen. In patient 2, MRI disclosed only shortening of the T2 signal in(More)
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a physical rehabilitation regime that has been previously shown to improve motor function in chronic hemiparetic stroke patients. However, the neural mechanisms supporting rehabilitation-induced motor recovery are poorly understood. The goal of this study was to assess motor cortical reorganization after CIMT(More)