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Hematoxylin staining is an early indicator of Aluminum (Al) toxicity effects on the apices of young, developing roots grown in nutrient solution. In this work, the potential of this technique as a reliable and reproducible phenotypic index for Al tolerance in tropical maize genotypes was assessed, with its performance systematically compared to two other(More)
Twenty eight maize open pollinated varieties (OPVs) were crossed in a diallel scheme and the 378 F1's were evaluated in 10 environments in Brazil. Based on yield-specific combining ability data (SCA), these varieties were classified in four heterotic groups. The consistence of the proposed heterotic groups was confirmed comparing intra- and inter-group F1(More)
A total of 113 maize inbreds adapted to tropical conditions were evaluated for their tissue culture response. Additionally, four media combinations of 15 or 30 µm dicamba with or without 88 µm AgNO3 were used to study the effect of dicamba and AgNO3 on type II callus production and plant regeneration from 42 of the inbred lines. Inbreds 48, 389 and 1345 of(More)
Guanabara Bay (GB) is an important estuary in regard to the productivity of the southeastern Brazilian coast. It is heavily polluted by oil, land runoff, and sewage, had large areas reclaimed, and its basin has been seriously deforested. The objective of the present work is to compare the total mercury levels in mussels from the bay, measured at the(More)
The lacustrine system of the middle rio Doce basin is considered a paradigm of Pleistocene geomorphology. In these lakes, two Hoplias malabaricus karyomorphs (2n = 42A and 2n = 42B) live in sintopy in Carioca Lake. Cytogenetic analyses were performed on 65 specimens from 8 lakes (including Carioca Lake) to determine the distribution and relative frequency(More)
A system, based on annular gold-coated denuders, was optimized and used in the atmospheric sampling of mercury in urban and rural sites of the Alta Floresta, a region in the Brazilian Amazon. Results showed that vapour phase mercury (Hgv) is dominant in samples collected in both sites. However, particulate mercury (Hg) may sometimes be significant at the(More)
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