Edouard W. Khandjian

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Absence of Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein, is responsible for the Fragile X syndrome, the most common form of inherited mental retardation. FMRP is a cytoplasmic protein associated with mRNP complexes containing poly(A)+mRNA. As a step towards understanding FMRP function(s), we have established the immortal STEK Fmr1 KO(More)
The fragile X syndrome results from transcriptional silencing of the FMR1 gene and the absence of its encoded FMRP protein. Two autosomal homologues of the FMR1 gene, FXR1 and FXR2, have been identified and the overall structures of the corresponding proteins are very similar to that of FMRP. Using antibodies raised against FXR1P, we observed that two major(More)
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are key components in RNA metabolism, regulating the temporal, spatial and functional dynamics of RNAs. Altering the expression of RBPs has profound implications for cellular physiology, affecting RNA processes from pre-mRNA splicing to protein translation. Recent genetic and proteomic data and evidence from animal models reveal(More)
The fragile X syndrome results from a transcriptional silencing of the FMR1 gene and the absence of its encoded protein. FMRP is a cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein, whose specific cellular function is still unknown. We present evidence that virtually all detectable cytoplasmic FMRP in mouse NIH 3T3 and human HeLa cells is found strictly in association with(More)
Fragile X syndrome, the most frequent form of inherited mental retardation, is due to the absence of Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein involved in several steps of RNA metabolism. To date, two RNA motifs have been found to mediate FMRP/RNA interaction, the G-quartet and the "kissing complex," which both induce translational(More)
The fragile X syndrome is the second leading cause of mental retardation after Down syndrome. Fragile X premutations are not associated with any clinical phenotype but are at high risk of expanding to full mutations causing the disease when they are transmitted by a carrier woman. There is no reliable estimate of the prevalence of women who are carriers of(More)
F ragile X syndrome is generally considered to be a non-progressive neurodevelopmental disorder in which carriers of premutation alleles (,55 to 200 CGG repeats) of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene are largely unaffected. However, we have recently identified a new syndrome among male carriers, characterised by tremor and/or ataxia, cognitive(More)
Fragile X mental retardation syndrome is associated with an expansion of a CGG repeat within the 5'UTR of the first exon of the FMR1 gene, abnormal methylation of the CpG island in the promoter region, and a transcriptional silencing of this gene. We studied transcriptional regulation of the FMR1 gene using protein footprint analysis of the active and(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) - the leading cause of inherited mental retardation - is an X-linked disease caused by loss of expression of the FMR1 (fragile X mental retardation 1) gene. In addition to impairment of higher-cognitive functions, FXS patients show a variety of physical and other mental abnormalities. FMRP, the protein encoded by the FMR1 gene, is(More)