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The invasive properties of Azoarcus sp. strain BH72, an endorhizospheric isolate of Kallar grass, on gnotobiotically grown seedlings of Oryza sativa IR36 and Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth were studied. Additionally, Azoarcus spp. were localized in roots of field-grown Kallar grass. To facilitate localization and to assure identity of bacteria, genetically(More)
In this paper it is shown that conformation and packing of double-stranded DNA within the head of bacteriophages lambda and T4 can be assessed by cryo-electron microscopy of vitrified specimens. Electron diffraction patterns show that DNA within vitrified bacteriophages has a B conformation. Electron micrographs of vitrified bacteriophages show domains(More)
Quantitative STEM with the imaging mode of ratio-contrast was investigated in order to evaluate the local concentration of DNA in situ for different kinds of DNA plasms in terms of intracellular packing densities (p.d.). The ability of ratio imaging to suppress thickness variations provided the basis to use unstained sections from cryofixed and(More)
We report the discovery of novel subcellular structures related to bacterial nitrogen fixation in the strictly respiratory diazotrophic bacterium Azoarcus sp. BH72, which was isolated as an endophyte from Kallar grass. Nitrogenase is derepressed under microaerobic conditions at O2 concentrations in the micromolar range. With increasing O2 deprivation,(More)
Histonic chromatin with a relatively high-protein content (RPC of about 1) is compared with naturally occurring chromatins of low-protein contents (RPCs of less than 0.5). The features of these chromatins, with respect to compaction and condensation, are discussed. Liquid crystalline chromatin, as found in dinoflagellates and phage heads, can apparently(More)
Very rapidly frozen cells of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis were substituted at low temperature into acetone with 1% OsO4 and embedded in Epon. They showed ribosome-free spaces filled with globular and fibrillar material of up to 15 nm. The sizes of structures seen do not exclude DNA superstructures such as supercoils, aggregates, and nucleosomes.(More)
Lowicryl K4M and HM20 are methacrylate/acrylate based low temperature embedding resins for biological material which can be used in conjunction with either the progressive lowering of temperature (PLT) technique or with freeze-substitution. K4M and HM20 are applicable over a very extended temperature range, approximately 220 K to 340 K. With two new resins,(More)
Escherichia coli B cells were sensitized to ionophore A23187 by polymyxin B nonapeptide, and the induced magnesium and potassium ion fluxes were studied. Combined ionophore treatment permeabilized the cytoplasmic membrane of E. coli in an ion-specific manner and allowed the manipulation of intracellular Mg2+ content from the outside. A23187-induced Mg2+(More)
This review compares the results of different methods of investigating the morphology of nucleoids of bacteria grown under conditions favoring short generation times. We consider the evidence from fixed and stained specimens, from phase-contrast and fluorescence microscopy of growing bacteria, and from electron microscopy of whole as well as thinly(More)