Edouard I. Azzam

Learn More
We have previously shown that chronic exposure of plateau-phase C3H 10 T1/2 cells to (60)Co gamma radiation at doses as low as 10 cGy protected the cells against neoplastic transformation by a subsequent large acute radiation exposure. We have also shown that this induced resistance to neoplastic transformation correlated with an increased ability to repair(More)
It has generally been considered that important biological effects of ionizing radiation arise as a direct consequence of DNA damage occurring in irradiated cells. We have examined this hypothesis by exposing cells to very low fluences of alpha-particles, similar to those emitted by radon gas, such that as few as 1% of the cells in a population are(More)
Exposure of eukaryotic cells to ionizing radiation (IR) results in the immediate formation of free radicals that last a matter of milliseconds. It has been assumed that the subsequent alterations in multiple intracellular processes following irradiation is due to the initial oxidative damage caused by these free radicals. However, it is becoming(More)
We demonstrate by western analysis that the expression levels of TP53 (formerly known as p53), CDKN1A (formerly known as p21Waf1), CDC2 (formerly known as p34cdc2), CCNB1 (cyclin B1) and RAD51 are significantly modulated in confluent, density-inhibited human diploid cell populations exposed to doses where only a small fraction of the nuclei are actually(More)
Cellular exposure to ionizing radiation leads to oxidizing events that alter atomic structure through direct interactions of radiation with target macromolecules or via products of water radiolysis. Further, the oxidative damage may spread from the targeted to neighboring, non-targeted bystander cells through redox-modulated intercellular communication(More)
We have monitored the end points of cellular survival, micronucleus formation and neoplastic transformation frequency to assess adaptation to ionizing radiation in the C3H 10T1/2 mouse embryo cell system. Plateau-phase cells were pre-exposed to an adapting dose of 0.1 to 1.5 Gy low-dose-rate gamma radiation 3.5 h prior to an acute challenge dose of 4 Gy. No(More)
The role of oxidative metabolism in the up-regulation/activation of stress-induciblesignaling pathways as well as induction of micronucleus formation in bystander cells was investigated. By immunoblotting and in situ immunofluorescence, active Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme and active catalase enzyme were shown to inhibit the up-regulation of(More)
Evidence accumulated over the past two decades has indicated that exposure of cell populations to ionizing radiation results in significant biological effects occurring in both the irradiated and nonirradiated cells in the population. This phenomenon, termed the ‘bystander response’, has been shown to occur both in vitro and in vivo and has been postulated(More)
The role of oxidative metabolism in the up-regulation/activation of stress-inducible signaling pathways as well as induction of micronucleus formation in bystander cells was investigated. By immunoblotting and in situ immunofluorescence, active Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme and active catalase enzyme were shown to inhibit the up-regulation of p21(More)
The role of oxidative metabolism in the up-regulation/activation of stress-inducible signaling pathways as well as induction of micronucleus formation in bystander cells was investigated. By immunoblotting and in situ immunofluorescence, active Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme and active catalase enzyme were shown to inhibit the up-regulation of p21(More)