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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with infantile convulsions (PKD/IC) is an episodic movement disorder with autosomal-dominant inheritance and high penetrance, but the causative genetic mutation is unknown. We have now identified four truncating mutations involving the gene PRRT2 in the vast majority (24/25) of well-characterized families with PKD/IC. PRRT2(More)
The Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) and the syndrome of continuous spike-and-wave discharges during slow sleep (CSWS) were originally described, and are still considered, separately. The former combines an acquired aphasia with spike-and-wave discharges that are activated by slow wave sleep, behavioural disturbances, and sometimes epileptic seizures. The(More)
It is a challenge to identify the molecular networks contributing to the neural basis of human speech. Mutations in transcription factor FOXP2 cause difficulties mastering fluent speech (developmental verbal dyspraxia, DVD), whereas mutations of sushi-repeat protein SRPX2 lead to epilepsy of the rolandic (sylvian) speech areas, with DVD or with bilateral(More)
OBJECTIVE Whole genome sequencing and the screening of 103 families recently led us to identify PRRT2 (proline-rich-transmembrane protein) as the gene causing infantile convulsions (IC) with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) (PKD/IC syndrome, formerly ICCA). There is interfamilial and intrafamilial variability and the patients may have IC or PKD.(More)
Alternative methods, for the treatment of medically refractory epileptic patients, who cannot be treated by resective surgery, such as chronic deep brain neurostimulation, are under development. Such methods have been used in the cerebellum, various thalamic nuclei, and in the caudate nucleus. In Grenoble, encouraged by the suppressive effects of(More)
Benign focal epilepsy of childhood (BFEC) is the most common form of epilepsy, in children from 3 to 12 years. Its prognosis is always favourable as far as the epilepsy is concerned. Nevertheless, recent clinical data suggest that children affected by BFEC are more likely to show learning difficulties and behavioural disturbances than their peers. We report(More)
In five children with normal initial psychomotor development, a Landau-Kleffner syndrome appeared at age 3-7 years. No neuroanatomic lesions were noted. Aphasia and hyperkinesia were isolated in three patients and associated with global regression of higher cortical functions in one patient. Massive intellectual deterioration and psychotic behavior were(More)
Epileptic encephalopathies are severe brain disorders with the epileptic component contributing to the worsening of cognitive and behavioral manifestations. Acquired epileptic aphasia (Landau-Kleffner syndrome, LKS) and continuous spike and waves during slow-wave sleep syndrome (CSWSS) represent rare and closely related childhood focal epileptic(More)
Lithium is known to potentiate the ability of pilocarpine to induce status epilepticus in rats. The goal of this study was to determine whether lithium could potentiate pilocarpine-induced seizures in developing animals. Behavioral, electroencephalographic (EEG), and histopathological changes induced by systemic administration of lithium (3 meq/kg) followed(More)
This article attempts an overview of the clinical and electrophysiological evidence supporting the involvement of the basal ganglia in epileptic seizures. In contrast to animal data, evidence for a role of these structures in human epilepsies is lacking. However, from the theoretical point of view, it remains conceivable that, given their strong(More)