Edouard Hirsch

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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia with infantile convulsions (PKD/IC) is an episodic movement disorder with autosomal-dominant inheritance and high penetrance, but the causative genetic mutation is unknown. We have now identified four truncating mutations involving the gene PRRT2 in the vast majority (24/25) of well-characterized families with PKD/IC. PRRT2(More)
Epileptic encephalopathies are severe brain disorders with the epileptic component contributing to the worsening of cognitive and behavioral manifestations. Acquired epileptic aphasia (Landau-Kleffner syndrome, LKS) and continuous spike and waves during slow-wave sleep syndrome (CSWSS) represent rare and closely related childhood focal epileptic(More)
An excess of reactive carbonyl compounds (carbonyl stress) and their reaction products, advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), are thought to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders and Parkinson's disease (PD) in particular. Accumulation of AGEs in various intracellular pathological hallmarks of PD, such as Lewy bodies,(More)
Alternative methods, for the treatment of medically refractory epileptic patients, who cannot be treated by resective surgery, such as chronic deep brain neurostimulation, are under development. Such methods have been used in the cerebellum, various thalamic nuclei, and in the caudate nucleus. In Grenoble, encouraged by the suppressive effects of(More)
Patients with epilepsy may suffer from renal or hepatic diseases that interfere with their antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment. Furthermore, such diseases may themselves cause seizures. Reduced renal function and hypoalbuminemia lead to accumulation of renally excreted AEDs, such as gabapentin, vigabatrin, topiramate, levetiracetam, and phenytoin. Valproate,(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Currently, some forms of epilepsy are resistant to both pharmacological and surgical interventions. As a result, there is a need for new therapeutic strategies. Because the nigral system modulates neuronal excitability in animal models of epilepsy, we considered therapeutic high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess early visual impairment related to vigabatrin prospectively in patients with and without visual symptoms. BACKGROUND Vigabatrin acts as an inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase. GABA-induced ion transport changes in the retinal pigment epithelium have been described. The electro-oculogram (EOG) is a clinical test(More)
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy(More)
An international workshop on juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) was conducted in Avignon, France in May 2011. During that workshop, a group of 45 experts on JME, together with one of the founding fathers of the syndrome of JME ("Janz syndrome"), Prof. Dr. Dieter Janz from Berlin, reached a consensus on diagnostic criteria and management of JME. The(More)
It is a challenge to identify the molecular networks contributing to the neural basis of human speech. Mutations in transcription factor FOXP2 cause difficulties mastering fluent speech (developmental verbal dyspraxia, DVD), whereas mutations of sushi-repeat protein SRPX2 lead to epilepsy of the rolandic (sylvian) speech areas, with DVD or with bilateral(More)