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Heart failure (HF) is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in Western countries. Although evidence-based treatments have substantially improved outcomes, prognosis remains poor with high costs for health care systems. In patients with HF, poor dietary behaviors are associated with unsatisfactory quality of life and adverse outcome. The HF guidelines(More)
OBJECTIVES Pre-eclampsia (PE) is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk later in life. The persistence of endothelial dysfunction after delivery may represent the link between PE and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate endothelial function and arterial stiffness after delivery of pregnancy complicated by early-onset (EO) or late-onset(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of vascular events. Data on the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) blocking agents on aortic vascular function are still debated. HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the effects of anti-TNF-α treatment on elastic properties of the ascending aorta (distensibility, stiffness, and tissue(More)
AIMS Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea (OSAH) is a prevalent condition characterized by repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, leading to hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and persistent inspiratory efforts against an occluded airway until arousal. Several studies demonstrated that OSAH exerts acute and chronic effects on the cardiovascular system. Thus,(More)
INTRODUCTION Elastic properties of the aorta represent an important determinant of left ventricular function and coronary blood flow but there are few data about aortic stiffness in patients with X syndrome. AIM To investigate the elastic aortic proprieties (aortic stiffness and distensibility) and arterial wall motion velocities as measured by tissue(More)
OBJECTIVES Right ventricular (RV) performance parameters (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, systolic longitudinal velocity on tissue Doppler imaging, fractional area change, and tissue and 2-dimensional [2D] strain on the right free wall) have been validated. In comparative studies, they have been correlated with the prognosis of patients with(More)
The combination of risk stratification by assessment of conventional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) with not only a morphological assessment of vascular damage (such as carotid ultrasound examination) but also vascular function tests may be a useful strategy for the management of CVD and its related risk factors. Endothelial dysfunction is(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies proved the prognostic importance of aortic stiffness as an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and all-cause mortality. The decrease of arterial compliance has a high prevalence in patients with heart failure and affects both hemodynamics and prognosis. Aortic stiffness is partially caused by excessive activation of the(More)
Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are important determinants of cardiovascular events in patients with arterial hypertension. There are few data regarding the role of aliskiren on the central hemodynamics and endothelial function in patients with uncontrolled arterial hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess the addition of aliskiren(More)
INTRODUCTION Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is an acute cardiomyopathy mimicking acute myocardial infarction. The aim of our study was to define clinical and instrumental features of an Italian population of patients with TTC and to report their short and mid-term outcome. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 42 patients admitted to our Department with(More)