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The levels of the health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) were analyzed in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients. The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) was administered to 50 HHT patients and scores were compared to a cohort of 2301 normal subjects. Clinical variables were patient age, illness duration, number of epistaxis episodes in the(More)
Micronutrients, mostly iodine and selenium, are required for thyroid hormone synthesis and function. Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones and its deficiency is considered as the most common cause of preventable brain damage in the world. Nowadays about 800 million people are affected by iodine deficiency disorders that include goiter,(More)
The aim of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate whether adding liraglutide to lifestyle changes, metformin (Met) and testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), by means of improving weight and glycaemic control, could boost erectile function in type 2 diabetic obese men with overt hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction (ED) in a 'real-life(More)
The issue of a possible relationship between type 2 diabetes and cancer is still debated. Such chronic diseases show a high incidence in the general population. In their pathophysiology both genetic and environmental factors are involved, inducing important modifications of metabolism. Diabetes is associated to profound metabolic alterations, such as(More)
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is characterized by vessel alterations such as dilatation of postcapillary venules and arterio-venous communications, which account for the major clinical manifestations of the disease. Two types of HHT have been characterized HHT-1 and HHT-2, respectively, depending the former on endoglin mutations and the latter(More)
We studied 18 newly diagnosed diabetic patients (8 males and 10 females, aged 18-26 years, within 10-120 days from the onset of symptoms) who were submitted for 15 days to intensive insulin therapy performed via subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). We investigated some metabolic and immunological parameters in order to identify a possible marker to predict(More)
Microcalcifications are a highly specific sign of malignancy being frequently detected in papillary or medullary cancers, while only 5% of nodular goiters and 3-4% of adenomas show this feature on thyroid sonogram. They correspond to clusters of psammoma bodies at cytological or histological examination. The microphotographs of cytological smears show(More)
There is evidence that cytokines, in particular interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) might mediate beta cell destruction in type 1 diabetes. Therefore the secretion of these cytokines by peripheral blood lymphomononuclear cells (PBMNC) was investigated in basal conditions and 48 h after stimulation with T-cell mitogen(More)
Nowadays, the treatment of diabetes mellitus is based on the variable use and combination of diet, antidiabetic oral agents (metformin, sulphanylureas, glynides, acarbose and thiazolidinediones) and insulin or its analogs, depending on the type of diabetes and the needs of the patient. The prevention and treatment of chronic micro- and macrovascular(More)
Selenium and iodine are essential for thyroid hormone synthesis and function. Selenium, in form of selenocysteine, is found either in the catalytic center of enzymes involved in the protection of the thyroid gland from free radicals originating during thyroid hormone synthesis, and in three different iodothyronine deiodinases catalyzing the activation and(More)