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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress (OS) and chronic inflammation are involved and contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Primed polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) are a possible source for superoxide radicals and inflammatory mediators, hence can promote OS and inflammation. The involvement of primed PMNLs in clinical states associated with high risk(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis, and high-serum levels of insulin are strongly associated with type 2 DM. Atherosclerosis is characterized by lipid-laden macrophage foam cell formations, which contain substantial amount of cholesterol and triglycerides (TG). This study analyzed for the first time, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study investigates the role of paraoxonase 2 (PON2) in the attenuation of macrophage triglycerides (TG) biosynthesis, and oxidative stress, under diabetic conditions. METHODS Peritoneal macrophages (MPM) from PON2-deficient and from C57BL/6 control mice were harvested and cultured under normal (5mM) or high glucose concentration(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders, including atherosclerosis. In pharmacological doses, niacin (vitamin B3) was proven to reduce total cholesterol, triglyceride, very-low-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein levels, and to increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. The aim of this study was(More)
Atherosclerosis is a complex disease involving different cell types, including macrophages that play a major role in the inflammatory events occurring in atherogenesis. C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a sensitive systemic marker of inflammation and was identified as a biomarker of cardiovascular diseases. Histological studies demonstrate CRP presence in human(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the direct effects of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) on diabetes development and on β-cell insulin release. METHODS AND RESULTS Injection of rePON1 to mice, prior to STZ-induced diabetes, resulted in reduced incidence of diabetes, as well as, in higher serum insulin levels. Incubation of β-cells with PON1 also dose-dependently increased insulin(More)
AIMS To show that heparin cryoprecipitation (HCP), an in vitro method of plasma purification, reduces the levels of in vivo modified proteins and non-traditional risk factors from plasma of atherosclerotic hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS HCP was applied to plasma obtained from HD patients and controls, forming a precipitate--cryogel. Levels of(More)
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