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We have observed karyotypic changes involving the gain of chromosome 17q in three independent human embryonic stem (hES) cell lines on five independent occasions. A gain of chromosome 12 was seen occasionally. This implies that increased dosage of chromosome 17q and 12 gene(s) provides a selective advantage for the propagation of undifferentiated hES cells.(More)
The application of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) to provide differentiated cells for regenerative medicine will require the continuous maintenance of the undifferentiated stem cells for long periods in culture. However, chromosomal stability during extended passaging cannot be guaranteed, as recent cytogenetic studies of HESCs have shown karyotypic(More)
Prolonged culture of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can lead to adaptation and the acquisition of chromosomal abnormalities, underscoring the need for rigorous genetic analysis of these cells. Here we report the highest-resolution study of hESCs to date using an Affymetrix SNP 6.0 array containing 906,600 probes for single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
Human embryonic stem cell (HESC) lines vary in their characteristics and behaviour not only because they are derived from genetically outbred populations, but also because they may undergo progressive adaptation upon long-term culture in vitro. Such adaptation may reflect selection of variants with altered propensity for survival and retention of an(More)
The International Stem Cell Initiative analyzed 125 human embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and 11 induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines, from 38 laboratories worldwide, for genetic changes occurring during culture. Most lines were analyzed at an early and late passage. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis revealed that they included(More)
Oligodendrogliomas may be divided into those with deletion of chromosomes 1p and 19q (Del+), and those without (Del−). Del+ tumours show better survival and chemoresponsiveness but the reason for this difference is unknown. We have investigated whether these subgroups differ in (a) apoptotic index, (b) the proportion of cells licensed for DNA replication(More)
The chromosomal alterations of iris melanomas are poorly characterized, only one report has been detailed. Cytogenetic analysis was performed on the tumors and heparinized blood samples of three patients with iris melanomas; in one case a primary tumor and its related seedling were examined. On analysis of lymphocytes, two of the patients were found to(More)
We report a case of a male infant who presented with congenital anomalies and was found to have a de novo deletion in the terminal region of the long arm of chromosome 9. He died at the age of 17 weeks of cardiorespiratory failure owing to RSV positive bronchiolitis. A review of previously published reports documented one previous report of a patient with a(More)
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