Human embryonic stem cell (HESC) lines vary in their characteristics and behaviour not only because they are derived from genetically outbred populations, but also because they may undergo progressive adaptation upon long-term culture in vitro. Such adaptation may reflect selection of variants with altered propensity for survival and retention of an… (More)
Oligodendrogliomas may be divided into those with deletion of chromosomes 1p and 19q (Del+), and those without (Del-). Del+ tumours show better survival and chemoresponsiveness but the reason for this difference is unknown. We have investigated whether these subgroups differ in (a) apoptotic index, (b) the proportion of cells licensed for DNA replication… (More)
Prediction of recurrence after resection of benign meningiomas represents a significant clinical problem. A prospective study commenced in 1984 aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of abnormal karyotype and tumour recurrence in meningiomas. Expression of key cell cycle regulators p53, p21, mdm2 and proliferating cell… (More)
The clinical features of a family with inherited multiple meningiomas as the major manifestation of neurofibromatosis are presented. The value of noninvasive radiological screening investigations is emphasised. The results of cytogenetic and pathological studies on the family are presented and discussed with a review of the relevant literature.
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is an acquired pre-malignant condition in which metaplastic columnar epithelium replaces the normal squamous mucosa as a consequence of chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux. The pre-malignant quality of BO is demonstrated in untreated adults with BO which are at risk of Barrett-associated adenoacarcinoma (BAA). This review addresses… (More)
Two brothers with Duchenne muscular dystrophy have an inversion of the X chromosome, 46, Y, inv(X) (p11.2p21.2). Because their mother is an unaffected carrier of the inversion, this confirms that maternal passage of a structurally abnormal X chromosome can cause dystrophinopathy in males. Our experience suggests that as well as molecular genetic analysis,… (More)