Edmund R. S. Kunji

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The transport of pyruvate, the end product of glycolysis, into mitochondria is an essential process that provides the organelle with a major oxidative fuel. Although the existence of a specific mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) has been anticipated, its molecular identity remained unknown. We report that MPC is a heterocomplex formed by two members of a(More)
The structures of mitochondrial transporters and uncoupling proteins are 3-fold pseudosymmetrical, but their substrates and coupling ions are not. Thus, deviations from symmetry are to be expected in the substrate and ion-binding sites in the central aqueous cavity. By analyzing the 3-fold pseudosymmetrical repeats from which their sequences are made,(More)
Optimizing conditions for the overexpression and purification of membrane proteins for functional and structural studies is usually a laborious and time-consuming process. This process can be accelerated using membrane protein–GFP fusions1–3, which allows direct monitoring and visualization of membrane proteins of interest at any stage during(More)
Lactococcus lactis has many properties that are ideal for enhanced expression of membrane proteins. The organism is easy and inexpensive to culture, has a single membrane and relatively mild proteolytic activity. Methods for genetic manipulation are fully established and a tightly controlled promoter system is available, with which the level of expression(More)
Mitochondria use transport proteins of the eukaryotic mitochondrial carrier family (MCF) to mediate the exchange of diverse substrates, including ATP, with the host cell cytosol. According to classical endosymbiosis theory, insertion of a host-nuclear-encoded MCF transporter into the protomitochondrion was the key step that allowed the host cell to harvest(More)
The consumption of amino acids and peptides was monitored during growth in milk of proteinase-positive (Prt+) and -negative (Prt-) strains of Lactococcus lactis. The Prt- strains showed monophasic exponential growth, while the Prt+ strains grew in two phases. The first growth phases of the Prt+ and Prt- strains were in same, and no hydrolysis of casein was(More)
The peptides released from beta-casein by the action of PI-type proteinase (PrtP) from Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Wg2 have been identified by on-line coupling of liquid chromatography to mass spectrometry. After 24 h of incubation of beta-casein with purified PrtP, a stable mixture of peptides was obtained. The trifluoroacetic acid-soluble peptides(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a chromosomal DNA fragment of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis SSL135, previously implicated in peptide utilization, has been determined. The genes oppDFBCA, encoding the oligopeptide transport system (Opp), and that encoding the endopeptidase PepO were located on this 8.9-kb DNA fragment. The oppDFBCA and pepO genes are probably(More)
Mitochondrial carriers link biochemical pathways in the cytosol and mitochondrial matrix by transporting substrates across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Substrate recognition is specific for each carrier, but sequence similarities suggest the carriers have similar structures and mechanisms of substrate translocation. By considering conservation of amino(More)
To examine the contribution of peptidases to the growth of lactococcus lactis in milk, 16 single- and multiple-deletion mutants were constructed. In successive rounds of chromosomal gene replacement mutagenesis, up to all five of the following peptidase genes were inactivated (fivefold mutant): pepX, pepO, pepT, pepC, and pepN. Multiple mutations led to(More)