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The plant response to attempted infection by microbial pathogens is often accompanied by rapid cell death in and around the initial infection site, a reaction known as the hypersensitive response. This response is associated with restricted pathogen growth and represents a form of programmed cell death (PCD). Recent pharmacological and molecular studies(More)
Programmed cell death (pcd) is activated during the hypersensitive response (HR) of plants to avirulent pathogens. We have recently shown that, similar to pcd in animal cells, nuclei of cells undergoing HR cell death contain fragmented nuclear DNA (nDNA). Here, we report that cell death occurring during the HR is accompanied by an increase in the activity(More)
The 35S promoter of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) contains a tandem repeat of the sequence TGACG in the region -83 to -63. This 21-base pair (bp) sequence, called as-1, is involved in root expression of the 35S promoter. When inserted in a promoter of a gene expressed specifically in photosynthetic tissues, as-1 confers high level expression in roots.(More)
We have used DNase I footprinting to characterize nuclear factors that bind to the light-responsive promoter of pea rbcS-3A, one member of the gene family encoding the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase. A sequence-specific binding activity, designated 3AF1, binds to an AT-rich sequence present at the -45 region of the rbcS-3A promoter.(More)
We have used nuclear extracts prepared from tobacco leaf tissue to characterize a factor binding site, designated as-2 (activating sequence-2), at the -100 region of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. The activity of this factor, called ASF-2 (activating sequence factor-2), is not detected in tobacco root extracts. as-2 includes two GT motifs with(More)
Light-dependent expression of rbcS, the gene encoding the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, which is the key enzyme involved in carbon fixation in higher plants, is regulated at the transcriptional level. Sequence analysis of the gene has uncovered a conserved GT motif in the -150 to -100 region of many rbcS promoters. This motif(More)
Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon fixation in higher plants. The small subunit of this chloroplast enzyme (rbcS), encoded by a family of nuclear genes, is regulated at the transcriptional level by light. Promoter analyses have previously identified the box II sequence as a cis element critical for the(More)
RNA molecules can achieve a broad range of regulatory functions through specific structures that are in turn determined by their sequence. The prediction of mutations changing the structural properties of RNA sequences (a.k.a. deleterious mutations) is therefore useful for conducting mutagenesis experiments and synthetic biology applications. While brute(More)
  • E Lam
  • 1995
Light is an important environmental signal that can influence diverse developmental processes in plants. Many plant nuclear genes respond to light at the level of transcription initiation. GT-1 and GT2 are nuclear factors which interact with DNA sequences in many light-responsive gene promoters. cDNA clones which encode proteins with sequence binding(More)