Learn More
The IgG Fc receptor II on human monocytes is polymorphic in its ability to bind mIgG1, and its isoelectric focusing pattern. To study the molecular basis of this polymorphism, a cDNA library from cell line K562, expressing two different allelic forms (high responder [HR] and low responder [LR]) of Fc gamma RII, was used for cDNA cloning. We report the(More)
Human FcR for IgG can be divided into three classes (Fc gamma RI, II, and III) based on their structure and reactivity with mAb. Fc gamma RII can be further subdivided into two categories based on functional and biochemical assays. These two Fc gamma RII subtypes were initially recognized by the failure of T cells from 40% of individuals to proliferate in(More)
BACKGROUND The gram-negative bacterium Francisella tularensis survives in arthropods, fresh water amoeba, and mammals with both intracellular and extracellular phases and could reasonably be expected to express distinct phenotypes in these environments. The presence of a capsule on this bacterium has been controversial with some groups finding such a(More)
Tularemia is a vector-borne zoonosis caused by Ft, a Gram-negative, facultative intracellular bacterium. Ft exists in two clinically relevant forms, the European biovar B (holarctica), which produces acute, although mild, self-limiting infections, and the more virulent United States biovar A (tularensis), which is often associated with pneumonic tularemia(More)
Transfusion or transplantation of T lymphocytes into an allogeneic recipient can evoke potent immune responses including, in immunocompromised patients, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). As our previous studies demonstrated attenuated immunorecognition of red blood cells covalently modified with methoxy(polyethylene glycol) (mPEG), we hypothesized that(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) have long been thought to be short-lived, terminally differentiated cells incapable of synthesizing significant levels of protein, with their primary function being phagocytosis and the release of cytotoxic compounds. More recently, it has been demonstrated that PMN can produce a number of functionally diverse substances,(More)
PROBLEM The tissues of the human female reproductive tract (Fallopian tube, uterus, cervix, and vagina) may play different roles in the provision of mucosal immunity. The purpose of this study was to develop a uniform method suitable for quantitative comparison of the leukocytes from all these tissues. METHOD OF STUDY Tissues, typically 0.5-1.0 g, were(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that targeting Ag to Fc receptors (FcR) on APCs can enhance humoral and cellular immunity. However, studies are lacking that examine both the use of FcR-targeting in generating immune protection against infectious agents and the use of FcRs in the induction of mucosal immunity. Francisella tularensis is a category A(More)
The primary function of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) in the immune response appears to be acute phagocytic clearance of foreign pathogens and release of inflammatory mediators. Consistent with their assumed lack of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression, PMN have not been considered to play a role in antigen presentation and(More)
The word immunocytochemistry is currently used to describe a number of methods that can be employed to localize antigens within cells by means of antigen-specific antibodies. In this article we will review a number of these methods, including immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase, avidin-biotin, and colloidal-gold techniques. The advantages and disadvantages(More)