Learn More
BACKGROUND The aortic root enlarges progressively in Marfan's syndrome, and this enlargement is associated with aortic regurgitation and dissection. Long-term treatment with beta-adrenergic blockade, by reducing the impulse (i.e., the rate of pressure change in the aortic root) of left ventricular ejection and the heart rate, may protect the aortic root. (More)
The effect of parental longevity on the length of survival of offspring has been examined according to selected demographic and environmental characteristics. The present study is based on 7,103 progeny, 20 years old or older. They were the sons and daughters of 1,766 men or women, 90 or more years old, who were alive in 1922-1930 at the time of(More)
Standard values for pulmonary function in short-limbed dwarfism are not available. Therefore, chest diameters and expiratory spirograms were measured in 58 female and 44 male subjects between 7 and 60 years of age with achondroplasia, the most common form of dwarfism. Standing height in adults was 49.6 +/- 3.2 (SD) inches with a sitting/standing height(More)
IL-12 and IL-2 can stimulate mitogen- or CD3-activated T cells to proliferate, produce IFN-gamma, and kill tumor cells. The magnitude of these functional responses is greatly augmented when T cells are activated by the combination of IL-12 and IL-2. Although peripheral blood T cells are largely unresponsive to these cytokines without prior activation, a(More)
Many diseases have both genetic and environmental determinants. Some require both, and the disease phenotype then appears only when a vulnerable genotype is expressed after interaction with environmental factors. The detection of such environmental factors has received little prior consideration in diseases with genetic causes. In particular, case-control(More)
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, aspirin) and sodium salicylate inhibit platelet aggregation induced by collagen, antigen-antibody complexes, gamma globulin-coated particles or thrombin. These compounds suppress the release of platelet constituents, such as adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and serotonin, induced by such stimuli. Since ASA and sodium salicylate do not(More)
Sulfinpyrazone (Anturan) administered in therapeutic doses over a period of several weeks produced prolongation of platelet survival and reduced turnover but with little change in blood coagulation. The changes in platelet survival and turnover were associated with reduced platelet adhesiveness. It is therefore possible to affect platelet economy in man(More)