Learn More
The coevolution of ticks and the pathogens that they transmit has ensured their mutual survival. In these studies, we used a functional genomics approach to characterize tick genes regulated in response to Anaplasma marginale infection. Differentially regulated genes/proteins were identified by suppression-subtractive hybridization and differential in-gel(More)
Subolesin was recently shown in vaccine and RNA interference (RNAi) studies to protect against tick infestations and to affect tick feeding, reproduction, and development as well as infection of host cells by Anaplasma marginale and A. phagocytophilum. Recent experiments provided evidence that infection of both tick and vertebrate host cells with these two(More)
The genus Anaplasma (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) includes obligate tick-transmitted intracellular organisms, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma marginale that multiply in both vertebrate and tick host cells. Recently, we showed that A. marginale affects the expression of tick genes that are involved in tick survival and pathogen infection and(More)
Ticks are ectoparasites of wild and domestic animals, and humans. A more comprehensive understanding of tick function and the tick-pathogen interface is needed to formulate improved tick-control methods. RNA interference (RNAi) is the most widely used gene-silencing technique in ticks where the use of other methods of genetic manipulations has been limited.(More)
The gene that encodes the tick protective antigen, 4D8, was cloned from 10 species belonging to 6 genera, and the nucleotide and amino acid sequences were analyzed. 4D8 nucleotide and protein sequences were conserved among these tick species with identity/similarity between 65-98 and 60-98%, respectively. The function of 4D8 was characterized by RNA(More)
Ehrlichia chaffeensis Anderson, Dawson & Wilson, causative agent of human (predominantly monocytic) ehrlichiosis, was successfully transmitted experimentally by Amblyomma americanum (L.) to white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman). Deer were needle-exposed intravenously to E. chaffeensis in tissue-culture canine macrophage (DH82) cells, and 11(More)
Tick proteins have been shown to be useful for the development of vaccines which reduce tick infestations. Potential tick protective antigens have been identified and characterized, in part, by use of RNA interference (RNAi). RNAi allows for analysis of gene function by characterizing the impact of loss of gene expression on tick physiology. Herein, we used(More)
Control methods for anaplasmosis have not changed markedly during the past 50 years and include arthropod control, chemoprophylaxsis, vaccination, and maintenance of an Anaplasma-free herd. Control measures implemented vary with geographic location, and depend on availability, cost, and the feasibility of application. Vaccination has been an effective means(More)
Diseases caused by arthropod-borne pathogens greatly impact on human and animal health. Recent research has provided evidence that tick protective antigens can be used for development of vaccines with the dual target of controlling arthropod infestations and reducing their vector capacity for pathogens. As reviewed herein, protective antigens such as(More)
The African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a reservoir host of Theileria parva lawrencei the causative organism of Corridor or buffalo disease of cattle. This organism can apparently transform its behaviour when tick-passaged through cattle to resemble that of Theileria parva parva, causing classic East Coast fever (ECF). These are major considerations for(More)