Edmond O Balasse

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Turnover studies performed during progressive fasting in normal subjects indicate that the production rate and the concentration of KB rise markedly during the early phase of fasting and start reaching a plateau after about 5 days. In addition to increased production, a reduction in the metabolic clearance rate of KB contributes to the hyperketonemia. This(More)
The concentration of ketone bodies and their rate of transport (estimated with an infusion of beta-[14C]-hydroxybutyrate) were determined before, during, and after exercise in overnight-fasted and 3- to 5-day-fasted subjects who walked on a treadmill for 2 h at approximately 50% of their VO2max. In overnight-fasted subjects, exercise increased the rate of(More)
This study examines the effects of a 2-h exercise of moderate intensity (50% of VO2 max) on the tracer-determined turnover rate of ketone bodies (KB) in 21 normal subjects fasted for 16 h, 5 days, whose basal ketonemia ranged between 0.09 and 6.16 mM. The KB response observed at the end of exercise is a function of the initial degree of ketosis. When basal(More)
Although there exists some indirect evidence that circulating ketone bodies might inhibit their own production rate, the direct demonstration of this homeostatic feed-back phenomenon is still lacking. The present work aims at demonstrating the operation of this control mechanism in human fasting ketosis. Six obese subjects, who fasted 2-23 days, were given(More)
Seven normal subjects fasted for 3 days were exercised for 30 min on a bicycle ergometer at 60 +/- 30% (mean +/- SE) of their maximal aerobic capacity. Rates of transport and oxidation of ketone bodies were determined at rest and during exercise using a primed constant infusion of [14C]acetoacetate. During the initial 7.5 min of exercise, ketone(More)
Studies comparing glucose tolerance in the morning vs. that in the evening have suggested that time of day may influence glucose regulation. To examine the variation in glucose tolerance throughout the 24-h span, normal subjects were given an iv glucose infusion at a constant rate of either 5 or 8 g/kg.24 h during 30 h, and plasma levels of insulin and(More)
This work compares the metabolism of total ketone bodies in 13 insulin-deprived, type I diabetic subjects and 26 control subjects fasted for 15 h to 23 days, with the two groups showing a similar range of ketone body levels (1-12 mM). Ketone turnover rate was measured using a primed, constant infusion of either 14C-acetoacetate or 14C-beta-hydroxybutyrate,(More)
To analyze the effects of short-term fasting on postprandial glucose metabolism in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), two groups of nine obese NIDDM patients and two comparable groups of control subjects underwent a 5-h oral glucose tolerance test after either 14 h or 4 days of fasting. The fluxes and the rates of oxidation and storage of(More)
To evaluate the effects of short-term starvation on gastric emptying in normal and obese subjects, the relationship between gastric emptying and oral glucose tolerance, and the mechanisms responsible for the delay in the systemic appearance of oral glucose observed after short-term fasting, we determined the effects of a 4-day fast on 1) gastric emptying(More)
The rates of production of total ketone bodies (acetoacetate + beta-hydroxybutyrate) were determined using an isotope tracer technique in 23 obese subjects submitted to a fast of variable duration (15 hr--23 days). Constant infusions of 14C-acetoacetate were used in most studies, but similar results were obtained with pulse injections of this tracer or with(More)