Edmond D. Chow

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Optoelectronic devices are increasingly important in communication and information technology. To achieve the necessary manipulation of light (which carries information in optoelectronic devices), considerable efforts are directed at the development of photonic crystals--periodic dielectric materials that have so-called photonic bandgaps, which prohibit the(More)
A case of chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) manifesting as spinal cord compression by an extradural eosinophilic chloroma in a 32-year-old Chinese man was presented, who subsequently developed extramedullary transformation at the skin and then peritoneal cavity. Cytogenetic study of bone marrow cells at diagnosis showed a clonal karyotypic abnormality of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Jumping translocations are rare cytogenetic aberrations in haematological malignancies, the pathogenesis of which remains to be fully characterised. We investigated the mechanism of formation of jumping translocations in a case of adult common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) positive for the Ph translocation. METHODS Interphase and(More)
Based on a photonic-crystal slab structure, a 60 degrees photonic-crystal waveguide bend is successfully fabricated. Its bending efficiency within the photonic bandgap is measured, and near 100% efficiency is observed at certain frequencies near the valence band edge. The bending radius is ~1mum at a wavelength of lambda~1.55mum . The measured eta spectrum(More)
Manual extraction of information from the biomedical literature-or biocuration-is the central methodology used to construct many biological databases. For example, the UniProt protein database, the EcoCyc Escherichia coli database and the Candida Genome Database (CGD) are all based on biocuration. Biological databases are used extensively by life science(More)
SJL mice are an inbred strain with a high incidence of spontaneous lymphomas of the B-cell type. We used molecular markers of clonality to study the process of tumor progression of SJL lymphomas in vivo. This was accomplished at time intervals ranging from 2 to 116 days by initial partial splenectomy (biopsy) followed by spleen sampling at the time of(More)
Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are important components of current combination therapies for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. However, their low genetic barriers against resistance development, cross-resistance and serious side effects can compromise the benefits of the first generation(More)
A new microcavity design is proposed and structures are realized with a two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab. The cavity consists of seven defect holes that encompass a hexagon and is designed to reduce vertical light leakage. From a direct transmission measurement, a Q value of 816+/-30 is achieved at lambda =1.55 mum . This high- Q cavity will permit the(More)
Highly efficient transmission of 1.5-microm light in a two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystal slab waveguide is experimentally demonstrated. Light waves are shown to be guided along a triple-line defect formed within a 2D crystal and vertically by a strong index-guiding mechanism. At certain wavelength ranges, complete transmission is observed, suggesting(More)