Edmar Martendal

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In this study, a new solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method for simultaneous extraction of pharmaceutical compounds with acidic and basic characteristics (ibuprofen, fenoprofen, diclofenac, diazepam and loratadine) from residual water samples is proposed. In this procedure, the extraction is processed using two distinct sample pH values. The extraction(More)
In this study a method for the determination of cadmium in fuel alcohol using solid-phase extraction with a flow injection analysis system and detection by flame atomic absorption spectrometry was developed. The sorbent material used was a vermicompost commonly used as a garden fertilizer. The chemical and flow variables of the on-line preconcentration(More)
In this paper a new method for the determination of 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA) and 2,4,6-tribromoanisole (TBA) in wine samples is presented. Headspace single-drop microextraction (HS-SDME) was used for the extraction and preconcentration of the analytes, followed by analysis by gas chromatography and electron-capture detection (GC-ECD). The variables(More)
This study presents the development of an on-line preconcentration system for zinc(II) determination in aqueous samples. The analyte was trapped in a mini-column filled with a chelating resin based on a chitosan biopolymer modified with 8-hydroxyquinoline obtained by the diazotization reaction. Flow and chemical variables of the system, as well as the(More)
This study describes an analytical methodology developed for determination of phthalate esters (di-n-butyl, butylbenzyl and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate) and adipate (di-n-ethylhexyl adipate) by solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography in normal saline solutions and, in bi-distilled water used to reconstitute medicines. An(More)
This study describes a new approach to cold-fiber solid-phase microextraction (CF-SPME) based on a combination of different extraction modes in the same extraction procedure. Also, the high quantity of water required to facilitate both the desorption of analytes from the matrix and their transport to the fiber coating is reported. The extraction mode was(More)
This review outlines recent progress in the research on some new classes of sorbents for extraction and microextraction techniques. Carbon nanotubes are allotropes of carbon with cylindrical structure. They are very stable systems having considerable chemical inertness due to the strong covalent bonds of the carbon atoms on the nanotube surface. Some(More)
In this study a new method for determination of cadmium in alcohol fuel using Moringa oleifera seeds as a biosorbent in an on-line preconcentration system coupled to flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was developed. Flow and chemical variables of the proposed system were optimized through multivariate designs. The limit of detection for cadmium was(More)
This study proposes a new approach to the optimization of the extraction of the volatile fraction of plant matrices using the headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) technique. The optimization focused on the extraction time and temperature using a CAR/DVB/PDMS 50/30 μm SPME fiber and 100mg of a mixture of plants as the sample in a 15-mL vial. The(More)
In this study a new method for Pb determination in water using solid phase extraction coupled to a flow injection system and flame atomic absorption spectrometry was developed. The sorbent used for Pb preconcentration and extraction was silica gel chemically modified with niobium(V) oxide. Flow and chemical variables of the system were optimized through a(More)