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Holocellulose structures from agro-industrial residues rely on main and side chain attacking enzymes with different specificities for complete hydrolysis. Combinations of crude enzymatic extracts from different fungal species, including Aspergillus terreus, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma longibrachiatum, were applied to sugar cane(More)
Enzymes constitute a major monetary cost in the bioconversion of holocellulose to ethanol. Identifying enzyme inhibitors and moderating their effects is one approach that may help to overcome this issue. Most inhibitors that reduce the hydrolysis activity of holocellulases are released as the holocellulosic biomass is broken down in the pretreatment and(More)
A beta-xylanase (XynIII) of Acrophialophora nainiana was purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant by ultrafiltration and a combination of ion exchange and gel filtration chromatographic methods. It was optimally active at 55 degrees C and pH 6.5. XynIII had molecular masses of 27.5 and 54 kDa, as estimated by gel filtration and sodium dodecyl(More)
Description: Fungi have an integral role to play in the development of the biotechnology and biomedical sectors. The fields of chemical engineering, Agri–food, Biochemical, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and medical device development all employ fungal products, with fungal biomolecules currently used in a wide range of applications, ranging from drug(More)
The economic viability of enzyme-based lignocellulosic biomass biorefineries depends on the low cost of holocellulose-degrading enzymes necessary for decomposing biomass into fermentable sugars and other value-added products. The high costs of commercial enzymes and the high enzyme loadings required for biomass hydrolysis motivates the use of lignocellulose(More)
Hemicelluloses are a vast group of complex, non-cellulosic heteropolysaccharides that are classified according to the principal monosaccharides present in its structure. Xylan is the most abundant hemicellulose found in lignocellulosic biomass. In the current trend of a more effective utilization of lignocellulosic biomass and developments of(More)
The fungus Trichoderma reesei is a major producer of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes, such as cellulases and hemicellulases. These enzymes have been used to hydrolyze agro-industrial wastes in processes of second-generation biofuel production. The disaccharide lactose, the main by-product of dairy industry, is considered the most attractive substrate for(More)
An extracellular β-mannanase was isolated from samples of crude extract of the mesophilic fungus Aspergillus foetidus grown on soybean husk as a carbon source. The induction profile showed that β-mannanase reached a maximum activity level (2.0 IU/mL) on the 15th day of cultivation. The enzyme was partially purified by ultrafiltration and gel filtration(More)
Pretreated dirty cotton residue (PDCR) from the textile industry was used as an alternative carbon source for the submerged cultivation of Aspergillus oryzae and the production of xylanases. The filtered culture supernatant was fractionated by ultrafiltration followed by three chromatographic steps, which resulted in the isolation of a homogeneous(More)
Aspergillus niger van Tieghem LPM 93 was shown in an earlier study to produce the most thermostable β-xylanase, which was effective for improving brightness and delignification of non-delignified and oxygen-bleached samples of eucalyptus kraft pulp. Here, we report the production, purification, and characterization of a xylan-degrading enzyme (XynI) from(More)
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