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The three-dimensional structure of the alpha 2 beta 2 complex of tryptophan synthase from Salmonella typhimurium has been determined by x-ray crystallography at 2.5 A resolution. The four polypeptide chains are arranged nearly linearly in an alpha beta beta alpha order forming a complex 150 A long. The overall polypeptide fold of the smaller alpha subunit,(More)
Monovalent cations activate the pyridoxal phosphate-dependent reactions of tryptophan synthase and affect intersubunit communication in the alpha2beta2 complex. We report refined crystal structures of the tryptophan synthase alpha2beta2 complex from Salmonella typhimurium in the presence of K+ at 2.0 angstrom and of Cs+ at 2.3 angstrom. Comparison of these(More)
Our studies, which are aimed at understanding the catalytic mechanism of the beta subunit of tryptophan synthase from Salmonella typhimurium, use site-directed mutagenesis to clarify the functional roles of several putative active site residues. Although previous chemical modification studies have suggested that histidine 86, arginine 148, and cysteine 230(More)
Three-dimensional structures are reported for a mutant (betaK87T) tryptophan synthase alpha2beta2 complex with either the substrate L-serine (betaK87T-Ser) or product L-tryptophan (betaK87T-Trp) at the active site of the beta-subunit, in which both amino acids form external aldimines with the coenzyme, pyridoxal phosphate. We also present structures with(More)
Tryptophan synthase, an alpha 2 beta 2 complex, is a classic example of an enzyme that is thought to "channel" a metabolic intermediate (indole) from the active site of the alpha subunit to the active site of the beta subunit. We now examine the kinetics of substrate channeling by tryptophan synthase directly by chemical quench-flow and stopped-flow(More)
Allosteric communications are important in coordination of the reactions in the tryptophan (Trp) synthase alpha2beta2 multienzyme complex. We have measured the conformational equilibria of l-Ser and l-Trp complexes, using absorption and fluorescence spectrophotometry with hydrostatic pressure equilibrium perturbation. The effects of monovalent cations,(More)
Microcalorimetry and high-performance liquid chromatography have been used to conduct a thermodynamic investigation of the following reactions catalyzed by the tryptophan synthase alpha 2 beta 2 complex (EC 4.2.1.20) and its subunits: indole(aq) + L-serine(aq) = L-tryptophan(aq) + H2O(1); L-serine(aq) = pyruvate(aq) + ammonia(aq); indole(aq) +(More)