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BACKGROUND The results of early conventional tests do not correlate with cerebral outcome after cardiac arrest. We investigated the serum levels of astroglial protein S-100 as an early marker of brain damage and outcome after cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS In 66 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation after nontraumatic cardiac arrest,(More)
To analyze the role of specific genes and proteins in neuronal signaling cascades following global cerebral ischemia, it would be useful to have a reproducible model of global cerebral ischemia in mice that potentially allows the investigation of mice with specific genomic mutations. We first report on the development of a model of reversible(More)
Glucose metabolism is essential for brain function and structure. Glucose contributes to the formation of neurotransmitters and is normally the only source for energy formation. There is increasing evidence that brain glucose metabolism is under control of the neuronal insulin/insulin receptor signal transduction. The present data clearly show that(More)
The effect of neonatal androgenization with testosterone propionate (TP) on growth, food intake, and feeding circadian and ultradian rhythms was studied in male and female rats. TP-female rats but not TP-male rats weighed more and ate more in adulthood than control animals injected with oil. TP administration to male rats induced few changes in the(More)
In the present study, the effect of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition on rat cortical energy state was investigated at 24 h after global cerebral ischemia induced by permanent bilateral common carotid artery ligation plus transient hypotension. The specific PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide was injected 10 min before induction of ischemia at a(More)
Chronic cerebrovascular disorders are often complicated by additional temporary ischaemic insults, resulting in substantial deterioration of brain energy metabolism. In the present study, chronic limitations of oxygen supply were induced in Wistar rats by 2 weeks of permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2-vo) to initiate a(More)
OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pleiotropic-cytokine binding to and thereby stimulating vascular cells. TNF-alpha mediated intermediate stimulation of vascular cells is believed to play a pivotal role in the development of arteriosclerosis. While extensive information has recently become available on gene induction by TNF-alpha, less(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Celiac sprue is a life-long disease characterized by an intestinal inflammatory response to dietary gluten. A gluten-free diet is an effective treatment for most patients, but accidental ingestion of gluten is common, leading to incomplete recovery or relapse. Food-grade proteases capable of detoxifying moderate quantities of dietary(More)