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Carbon monoxide (CO), one of the products of heme oxygenase action on heme, prevents arteriosclerotic lesions that occur following aorta transplantation; pre-exposure to 250 parts per million of CO for 1 hour before injury suppresses stenosis after carotid balloon injury in rats as well as in mice. The protective effect of CO is associated with a profound(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular injury with endothelial dysfunction results in an imbalance between the production of vasoprotective molecules such as nitric oxide (NO) and deleterious reactive oxygen species (ROS). The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that inhibition of geranylgeranyltransferase I (GG Tase I) reduces vascular injury by increasing(More)
Alteration of the natural tropism of adenovirus (Ad) will permit gene transfer into specific cell types and thereby greatly broaden the scope of target diseases that can be treated by using Ad. We have constructed two Ad vectors which contain modifications to the Ad fiber coat protein that redirect virus binding to either alpha(v) integrin [AdZ.F(RGD)] or(More)
BACKGROUND The 42/44-kD mitogen-activated protein kinases (extracellular signal-regulated kinases, ERKs) regulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) cell-cycle progression and can either promote or inhibit proliferation depending on the activation status of the small GTPase RhoA. RhoA is involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and converges on multiple(More)
The finding of frequent nitric oxide synthase expression in human cancers indicates that nitric oxide has a pathophysiological role in carcinogenesis. To determine the role of nitric oxide in tumor progression, we generated human carcinoma cell lines that produced nitric oxide constitutively. Cancer cells expressing inducible nitric oxide synthase that had(More)
In cardiac transplantation, chronic rejection takes the form of an occlusive vasculopathy. The mechanism underlying this disorder remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role nitric oxide (NO) may play in the development of allograft arteriosclerosis. Rat aortic allografts from ACI donors to Wistar Furth recipients with a strong(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that vascular inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene transfer inhibits injury-induced intimal hyperplasia in vitro and in vivo. One mechanism by which NO may prevent intimal hyperplasia is by preserving the endothelium or promoting its regeneration. To study this possibility we examined the effect of iNOS gene(More)
BACKGROUND Previously we demonstrated that the heat shock response (HSR) inhibits cytokine-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and inducible NO synthase (NOS2) expression in hepatocytes. In this study we sought to determine the molecular basis of this inhibition using a human liver cell line. METHODS After induction of the HSR by sodium arsenite or(More)
OBJECTIVES Cell therapy is a novel experimental treatment modality for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) of the lower extremities and no other established treatment options. This study was conducted to assess the safety and clinical efficacy of intramuscular injection of autologous tissue repair cells (TRCs). METHODS A prospective, randomized(More)
OBJECTIVE Overexpression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene inhibits neointimal hyperplasia after arterial injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanism by which nitric oxide (NO) inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, specifically focusing on signaling pathways known to be activated by NO, including(More)