Edith Tzeng

Learn More
Most evidence indicates that nitric oxide plays a role in normal wound repair; however, involvement of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has not been established. Experiments were carried out to determine the requirement for iNOS in closing excisional wounds. Wound closure was delayed by 31% in iNOS knockout mice compared with wild-type animals. An(More)
The role nitric oxide (NO) plays in the cardiovascular system is complex and diverse. Even more controversial is the role that the inducible NO synthase enzyme (iNOS) serves in mediating different aspects of cardiovascular pathophysiology. Following arterial injury, NO has been shown to serve many vasoprotective roles, including inhibition of platelet(More)
Classically, osteoarthritis (OA) has been considered a noninflammatory disease. However, the detection of selected inflammatory mediators in osteoarthritic fluid, in the absence of significant inflammatory cell infiltrate, is increasingly appreciated. We sought to identify the inflammatory component in human OA-affected cartilage that may be involved in(More)
Our group recently reported that cultured sheep pulmonary artery endothelial cells (SPAECs) became resistant to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis several days after constitutive synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) after adenoviral (Ad) transfer of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) or exposure to the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) (E. Tzeng,(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is cytostatic for proliferating cells, inhibits microbial growth, and down-regulates the synthesis of specific proteins. Studies were undertaken to determine the mechanism by which NO inhibits total protein synthesis and whether the inhibition correlates with established cytostatic activities of NO. MATERIALS AND METHODS In in(More)
INTRODUCTION The danger signal HMGB1 is released from ischemic myocytes, and mediates angiogenesis in the setting of hindlimb ischemia. HMGB1 is a ligand for innate immune receptors TLR2 and TLR4. While both TLR2 and TLR4 signal through myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), TLR4 also uniquely signals through TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing(More)
We have previously shown that MyD88 KO mice appear protected from ischemic muscle injury while TRIF KO mice exhibit sustained necrosis after femoral artery ligation (FAL). However, our previous data did not differentiate whether the protective effect of absent MyD88 signaling was secondary to attenuated injury after FAL or quicker recovery from the insult.(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) acts as a vasoregulatory molecule that inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. Studies have illustrated that NO inhibits SMC proliferation via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, leading to increased protein levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(Waf1/Cip1). The ERK pathway can be pro- or(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS, NOS-2) is an important component of the macrophage-mediated immune defense toward numerous pathogens. Murine macrophages produce NO after cytokine activation, whereas, under similar conditions, human macrophages produce low levels or no NO at all. Although human macrophages can express iNOS mRNA and(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and the metabolic syndrome, both characterized by insulin resistance, are associated with an accelerated form of atherosclerotic vascular disease and poor outcomes following vascular interventions. These vascular effects are thought to stem from a heightened inflammatory environment and reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide(More)