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We have studied the phosphorylation of the Bcl-2 family of proteins by different mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Purified Bcl-2 was found to be phosphorylated by the c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase (JNK/SAPK) p54-SAPKbeta, and this is specific insofar as the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) and p38/RK/CSBP(More)
Bid plays an essential role in Fas-mediated apoptosis of the so-called type II cells. In these cells, following cleavage by caspase 8, the C-terminal fragment of Bid translocates to mitochondria and triggers the release of apoptogenic factors, thereby inducing cell death. Here we report that Bid is phosphorylated by casein kinase I (CKI) and casein kinase(More)
Candida albicans phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) (EC 5.3.1.8) has been recently cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme can be irreversibly inactivated by iodoacetate in 50 mM borate buffer, pH 9.0, in a time-dependent manner at a rate of 4.2 +/- 0.03 min-1 M-1. This inhibition can be prevented by the substrate mannose 6-phosphate with a Ks(More)
We have cloned the platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein (GP) VI from a human bone marrow cDNA library using rapid amplification of cDNA ends with platelet mRNA to complete the 5' end sequence. GPVI was isolated from platelets using affinity chromatography on the snake C-type lectin, convulxin, as a critical step. Internal peptide sequences were obtained,(More)
Convulxin, a powerful platelet activator, was isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, and 20 amino acid N-terminal sequences of both subunits were determined. These indicated that convulxin belongs to the heterodimeric C-type lectin family. Neither antibodies against GPIb nor echicetin had any effect on convulxin-induced platelet aggregation(More)
Two pro-apoptotic proteases, caspase-1 and caspase-3, have been expressed as full-length proteins in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Both proteins autoprocess to generate the corresponding active enzyme and both are lethal to the yeast cell. Lethality is due to catalytic activity since the expression of the inactive mutant forms of both(More)
The reaction catalyzed by Candida albicans phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) (EC 5.3.1.8) has a bell-shaped pH dependence, with pKa's at 5.6 and 8.7. The enzyme can be inhibited in a time-dependent manner using the arginine-specific modification reagent phenylglyoxal. This modification takes place with a rate constant of 0.022 +/- 0.002 min-1 mM-1 at 37(More)
Ophioluxin, a potent platelet agonist, was purified from the venom of Ophiophagus hannah (King cobra). Under nonreducing conditions it has a mass of 85 kDa, similar to convulxin, and on reduction gives two subunits with masses of 16 and 17 kDa, slightly larger than those of convulxin. The N-terminal sequences of both subunits are very similar to those of(More)
Bax is a proapoptotic ion channel forming protein of the Bcl-2 family. In cells the protein is found in the cytosol and in the mitochondria membrane where it presumably is involved during apoptosis in disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential and release of cytochrome c. The protein has a hydrophobic domain at the C-terminus, which renders it a(More)