Edith J. Mensah-Osman

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Maspin, a novel serine protease inhibitor (serpin), suppresses the growth and metastasis of breast tumor in vivo. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear. In the current study, we report the first evidence that endogenous maspin expression in mammary carcinoma cells MDA-MB-435 enhanced staurosporine (STS)-induced apoptosis as judged by the(More)
Somatostatin is a potent inhibitor of gastrin secretion and gene expression. Menin is a 67-kDa protein product of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) gene that when mutated leads to duodenal gastrinomas, a tumor that overproduces the hormone gastrin. These observations suggest that menin might normally inhibit gastrin gene expression in its role(More)
Menin is the ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein product of the MEN1 gene, which interacts with PKB/Akt in the cytoplasm to inhibit its activity. This study describes a novel insulin-dependent mechanism of menin regulation and interaction with other metabolic proteins. We show that insulin downregulated menin in a time-dependent manner via the human(More)
We have previously reported that XK469 inhibited topoisomerase (topo) IIbeta, in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia cell line (WSU-WM) however the inhibition alone is not sufficient to induce apoptosis. In this study, the apoptotic potential of XK469 and its mechanism in WSU-WM cell line was investigated. Exposure of WSU-WM cells to XK469 caused a decrease in(More)
Mutations in the MEN1 gene correlate with multiple endocrine neoplasia I (MEN1). Gastrinomas are the most malignant of the neuroendocrine tumors associated with MEN1. Because menin and JunD proteins interact, we examined whether JunD binds to and regulates the gastrin gene promoter. Both menin and JunD are ubiquitous nuclear proteins that we showed(More)
The Wayne State University Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia xenograft model in mice with severe combined immune deficiency (WSU-WM-SCID) is the only preclinical animal model available for this disease. It is based on a permanent, EBV- IgMlambda cell line (WSU-WM) established from a patient with a 10-year history of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). These(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 30% to 40% of all patients with osteosarcomas ultimately experience recurrence. The study investigated the hypothesis that the resistance of osteosarcoma to chemotherapy may be related to the expression of a pregnane xenobiotic receptor (PXR) variant protein and its role as the major inducer of P450 3A4 in these tumors. METHODS(More)
The role of DNA topoisomerase (Topo) IIbeta in cancer chemotherapy remains unclear, although this particular isoform has been implicated in drug resistance. In this study, we investigated Topo IIbeta as a target for 2-[4-(7-chloro-2-quinoxalinyloxy)phenoxy]-propionic acid (XK469), a novel synthetic quinoxaline phenoxypropionic acid derivative, in a(More)
Gastrin is secreted from neuroendocrine cells residing in the adult antrum called G cells, but constitutively low levels are also expressed in the duodenum and fetal pancreas. Gastrin normally regulates gastric acid secretion by stimulating the proliferation of enterochromaffin-like cells and the release of histamine. Gastrin and progastrin forms are(More)
We have previously reported that XK469 (2-[4-(7-chloro-2-quinoxalinyloxyphenoxy]-propionic acid) enhances topo IIalpha expression in WSU-WM cells in vitro [E. Mensah-Osman et al., Mol. Cancer Ther., 1: 1321-1326, 2002]. To test the hypothesis that XK469-induced expression of topo IIalpha sensitizes WSU-WM cells to the topo IIalpha inhibitor etoposide(More)