Edith G. McGeer

Learn More
We detected large numbers of HLA-DR-positive reactive microglia (macrophages), along with Lewy bodies and free melanin, in the substantia nigra of all cases studied with Parkinson's disease (5) and parkinsonism with dementia (PD) (5). We found similar, but less extensive, pathology in the substantia nigra of six of nine cases of dementia of the Alzheimer(More)
A simple enzyme histochemical technique is described that detects various distinct populations of neurons in the brain. These neurons contain an extremely high activity of an endogenous enzyme, NADPH-diaphorase, that can reduce the dye nitro blue tetrazolium to a bright blue reaction product. Some of the major groups of neurons detected by this technique(More)
Dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra are particularly vulnerable to oxidative and inflammatory attack. Such processes may play a crucial role in the etiology of Parkinson disease (PD). Since glia are the main generators of these processes, the possibility that PD may be caused by glial dysfunction needs to be considered. This review concentrates on(More)
Cultured brain cells are capable of generating many molecules associated with inflammatory and immune functions. They constitute the endogenous immune response system of brain. They include complement proteins and their regulators, inflammatory cytokines, acute phase reactants and many proteases and protease inhibitors. Most of the proteins are made by(More)
Neuroinflammation is a characteristic of pathologically affected tissue in several neurodegenerative disorders. These changes can be observed in the brainstem and spinal cord of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases and in mouse models of the disease. They include an accumulation of large numbers of activated microglia and astrocytes, as well as small(More)
The immunohistochemical demonstration of reactive microglia and activated complement components suggests that chronic inflammation occurs in affected brain regions in Parkinson's disease (PD). Evidence from humans and monkeys exposed to MPTP indicates this inflammation may persist many years after the initial stimulus has disappeared. Chronic inflammation(More)
An atlas of the distribution of cholinergic cell bodies, fibers, and terminals, as well as cholinoceptive cells, in the central nervous system of the cat (excluding the cerebellum) is presented from results obtained in immunohistochemical work on choline acetyltransferase. Cholinergic cell bodies are observed in more than forty areas, and cholinoceptive(More)
Positive immunohistochemical staining of Alzheimer brain tissue was obtained with antibodies to proteins associated with classical, but not the alternative, complement pathway. Clq, C3d, C4d are fractions of complement proteins that bind to tissue when the classical complement pathway is activated. Antibodies to these fractions stained senile plaques,(More)
This review reports correlations between four independent fields related to inflammation and Alzheimer disease: fundamental pathology, epidemiology, transgenic animal studies and clinical trials. Activated microglia, along with a spectrum of inflammatory mediators, have been identified in association with the lesions of Alzheimer disease (AD), suggesting(More)
The distribution of calbindin-D28K (CaBP)-positive neurons was investigated by immunohistochemistry in 4 controls, 5 cases of Parkinson's disease and a single case of strionigral degeneration. CaBP-positive neurons were preferentially localized to the mediodorsal portion of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) in the beta layer, while CaBP-negative,(More)