Edith Dériaud

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Specific and non-specific parasite-induced changes in lymphocyte responses were analysed in C57/BL/6J mice after intrahepatic infection with Echinococcus multilocularis. Spleen cells harvested at selected times after infection were in vitro stimulated with mitogens or a crude soluble parasite extract (EmAg) at an optimized dose. Cell proliferative responses(More)
Neutrophils are one of the first lines of defense against microbial pathogens and are rapidly recruited at the infection site upon inflammatory conditions. We show here that after bacterial stimulation, and in contrast to monocytes and macrophages, murine neutrophils contributed poorly to inflammatory responses; however, they secreted high amounts of the(More)
Over the last few years, anticancer immunotherapy has emerged as a new exciting area for controlling tumors. In particular, vaccination using synthetic tumor-associated antigens (TAA), such as carbohydrate antigens hold promise for generating a specific antitumor response by targeting the immune system to cancer cells. However, development of synthetic(More)
The susceptibility to infections and the strong Th2 bias observed in neonates are thought to be due to the immaturity of the dendritic cell (DC) compartment. We show that neonatal DCs, like their adult counterparts, elicit Th1 responses. We also demonstrate that during potentially harmful systemic inflammation, after Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 triggering,(More)
We recently developed an efficient strategy based on a fully synthetic dendrimeric carbohydrate display (multiple antigenic glycopeptide; MAG) to induce anticarbohydrate antibody responses for therapeutic vaccination against cancer. Here, we show the superior efficacy of the MAG strategy over the traditional keyhole limpet hemocyanin glycoconjugate to(More)
As part of our program on Tn-specific anti-tumor immunotherapy, our aim was to vary the nature of the aglyconic part of the tumor-associated Tn antigen (alpha-d-GalNAc-Ser/Thr). This report describes the synthesis of Fmoc-hSer-(alpha-d-GalNAc)-OH (4) in 19% overall yield from protected aspartic acid. The building block 4 was incorporated as trimeric(More)
Aberrant glycosylation of mucins leads to the exposure of cryptic carbohydrate antigens at the surface of carcinoma cells, which, therefore, represent potent targets for anticancer therapeutic vaccines. To date, the development of immunogens to stimulate immune response to such saccharidic antigens is based on carbohydrate conjugation to carrier proteins.(More)
Among the various parameters which may contribute to Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination efficiency, the choice of the vaccine strain may play an important role. In the present study, we therefore compared the immunogenicity of five different BCG strains that are commonly used for BCG vaccine production (Glaxo 1077, Japanese 172, Pasteur 1173P2, Prague, and(More)
Most attempts to induce CTL responses by in vivo priming with free synthetic peptides have been unsuccessful so far. However, two separate studies have recently succeeded in inducing antiviral CTL responses by immunizing mice with unmodified free synthetic peptides derived from nucleoproteins from either lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus or Sendai virus.(More)
Newborns and infants are highly susceptible to viral and bacterial infections, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. We show that neonatal B cells effectively control the production of proinflammatory cytokines by both neonatal plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells, in an interleukin (IL) 10-dependent manner, after Toll-like(More)