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The electroresponsiveness fingerprint of a neuron reflects the types and distributions of the ionic channels that are embedded in the neuronal membrane as well as its morphology. Theoretical analysis shows that subtle changes in the density of channels can contribute substantially to the electroresponsive fingerprints of neurons. We have confirmed these(More)
In vivo intracellular recordings of hippocampal neurons reveal the occurrence of fast events of small amplitude called spikelets or fast prepotentials. Because intracellular recordings have been restricted to anesthetized or head-fixed animals, it is not known how spikelet activity contributes to hippocampal spatial representations. We addressed this(More)
In vitro studies of inferior olive neurons demonstrate that they are intrinsically active, generating periodic spatiotemporal patterns. These self-generated patterns of activity extend the role of olivary neurons beyond that of a deliverer of teaching or error signals. However, autorhythmicity or patterned activity of complex spikes in the cerebellar cortex(More)
Most of our current knowledge about the neural control of behavior is based on electrophysiology. Here we review advances and limitations of current electrophysiological recording techniques applied in behaving animals. Extracellular recording methods have improved with respect to sampling density and miniaturization, and our understanding of the nature of(More)
The cells of the inferior olivary nucleus, the sole source of the cerebellar climbing fibers, form a network of electrically coupled neurons. Experimental observations show that these neurons produce a large repertoire of electrical signals, among which sub-threshold oscillations of the membrane potential. Simultaneous recordings from pairs of neurons and(More)
The cerebellum has been the focus of extensive research for more than a century. However, its functional role is still under debate. The comprehensive description of its anatomy and physiology seem to deepen rather than resolve the controversy about its function. Recently, it was shown that Purkinje cells' (PC) membrane potential is bistable and can be(More)
Spikelets, small spikelike membrane potential deflections, are prominent in the activity of hippocampal pyramidal neurons in vivo. The origin of spikelets is still a source of much controversy. Somatically recorded spikelets have been postulated to originate from dendritic spikes, ectopic spikes, or spikes in an electrically coupled neuron. To differentiate(More)
Although the neurobiology of rodent facial whiskers has been studied intensively, little is known about sensing in other vibrissae. Here we describe the under-investigated submandibular "whisker trident" on the rat's chin. In this three-whisker array, a unique unpaired midline whisker is laterally flanked by two slightly shorter whiskers. All three whiskers(More)
The whisker trident, a three-whisker array on the rat's chin, has been implicated in egomotion sensing and might function as a tactile speedometer. Here we study the cortical representation of trident whiskers and E-row whiskers in barrel cortex. Neurons identified in trident cortex of anesthetized animals showed sustained velocity-sensitive responses to(More)
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