Learn More
BACKGROUND Pituitary carcinomas are rare adenohypophysial neoplasms, the definition, diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of which are controversial. METHODS Pituitary carcinomas were defined as primary adenohypophysial neoplasms with documented craniospinal and/or systemic metastases. The authors report a clinicopathologic study of 15 examples examined by(More)
Although histologically benign, one-third of all pituitary tumors will be invasive of surrounding structures. In this study, the relationship between the proliferative activity in pituitary adenomas and their invasiveness was investigated. Invasion was defined as gross, operatively or radiologically apparent infiltration of dura or bone. Using the recently(More)
This report describes the clinicopathological features of 16 patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis and compares the results with the published literature. There were 2 males and 14 females in this series. In 10 of the 14 females (71%), the presentation was associated with pregnancy. Nine patients (56%) presented with symptoms of an expanding pituitary(More)
We report the histological, ultrastructural, and immunocytochemical features of six hypothalamic gangliocytomas associated with pituitary GH cell adenomas and/or acromegaly. In four patients, the gangliocytoma was intrasellar, and no hypothalamic investigation was performed; in two patients, autopsy confirmed hypothalamic involvement. Four patients had a(More)
Of more than 3000 cases of surgically removed pituitary adenomas, 11 were defined as "double adenomas," i.e., 2 morphologically or immunocytologically distinct tumors. In 8 cases, the lesions exhibited differing histological features and immunophenotypes; in 2 specimens, distinct ultrastructural features were noted as well. In another instance, despite(More)
A 58-year-old woman had Cushing's disease with elevated plasma adrenocorticotrophin and an intrasellar tumor. Light microscopy showed that the tumor was a gangliocytoma containing immunoreactive corticotrophin-releasing factor accompanied by pituitary corticotroph hyperplasia. Ultrastructural examination identified an intimate association and desmosomal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical presentation, imaging characteristics, microscopic and ultrastructural characteristics, and treatment outcomes of patients with clinically silent pituitary corticotroph adenomas. METHODS All silent corticotroph adenomas diagnosed at the Mayo Clinic during the years 1975 through 1997 were selected from the files of the(More)
The present review deals with the use of electron microscopy in the identification of pituitary cell types as well as the assessment of their functional state, in rat and man. Application of immunoelectron microscopy, especially immunogold techniques, utilizing multiple labeling in establishing differentiation and hormone content of cell types, is(More)
This study demonstrates that neutralizing-antibody-producing B cells, CD4(+) T cells, and interferons (IFNs) are of key importance in virus control both in adoptive immunotherapy of persistent infection and in the late phase of acute infection with the WE strain of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We report the following results. (i) Clearance of(More)
This article reviewed the classification, morphologic features, and pathogenesis of human hypophyseal adenomas and differences between hyperplasia and adenoma. Histologic, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic investigation obtained a deeper insight into several aspects of pituitary cytopathology. Based on these studies, a meaningful classification(More)