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Anxiety is a key symptom of the cocaine withdrawal syndrome in human addicts, and it is considered to be one of the major factors in precipitating relapse to chronic cocaine abuse. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression, and it may also be involved in the acute behavioral and(More)
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), sometimes regarded as a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease, is a mental disorder that is difficult to diagnose. However, recent studies reported that MCI causes slight changes in the speech of the patient. Our starting point here is a study that found acoustic correlates of MCI, but extracted the proposed features(More)
The role of endogenous corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the cocaine-induced corticosterone response was investigated by using the immunoneutralization and receptor blockade of endogenous CRF. Pretreatment with different dilutions (1:5, 1:10 and 1:20, i.c.v.) of CRF antibody and different doses of an antagonist for CRF receptors, alpha-helical CRF9-41(More)
The effects of acute and chronic cocaine treatments on the levels of the neurohypophyseal hormones oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) in the plasma and in different brain structures in rats were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Acute cocaine treatment had no effect on the level of OXT in the plasma or in the amygdala, but increased OXT contents were(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) may mediate some of the neuroendocrine and behavioral responses to cocaine. In this study, the distribution of CRF-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI) was determined in the hypothalamus and in several extrahypothalamic brain regions after acute cocaine administration in handled rats. CRF-LI decreased dose-dependently with(More)
In the present study, the possible role of cortocotropin-releasing hormone (CRF) in the action of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the pituitary-adrenal axis and open-field activity of rats was tested. CGRP administered into the lateral brain ventricle led to a dose-dependent increase in plasma corticosterone level, which could be blocked by(More)
The possible involvement of different neurotransmitter systems in the anxiogenic action of cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate ester (CCK-8) was investigated in rats. Intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered CCK-8 induced an anxiogenic response in an elevated plus-maze test. Pretreatment with dopaminergic, muscarinergic acetylcholine receptor(More)
Recent data from various laboratories suggest that the activation of endogenous corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) may contribute to the behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of cocaine. In the present study, the time-dependent variations in CRF-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI) in the hypothalamus and several extrahypothalamic brain regions were determined(More)
Behavioural adaptation to and the effects of the neurohypophyseal peptide, oxytocin, on repeated treatment with cocaine were investigated in rats. The content of immunoreactive oxytocin in the plasma, hypothalamus and different limbic structures in the brain were also studied after treatment with cocaine, identical to that used in the behavioural(More)
It has previously been demonstrated that cocaine stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis through hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) secretion. The role of different neurotransmitters in mediation of the cocaine-induced elevation of plasma corticosterone (CORT) were investigated in rats by using transmitter antagonists.(More)