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The major cause of morbidity and mortality in Chagas' disease is a chronic inflammatory cardiomyopathy, which presents ten or more years following initial infection. Demonstration of Trypanosoma cruzi in cardiac tissue by routine microscopy or culture is difficult in these patients, which has suggested that persistent organisms are not required for chronic(More)
The role of reinfection in the evolution of Chagas' disease was evaluated in dogs alternately infected with the 147 and SC-1 strains of Trypanosoma cruzi. A parasitologic, serologic, clinical, and electrocardiographic follow-up was carried out on the infected and noninfected dogs. The dogs were reinfected five times over a period of 38 months. No deaths(More)
We have not found any anatomical studies about the intrapancreatic ganglia in the chronic Chagas' disease. The lesions in these structures could explain at least in part the functional disturbances in the exocrine and endocrine pancreas described in this form of the disease. Thus we decided to morphologically analyze these ganglia. For this analysis, we(More)
The inflammatory infiltrates in the heart lesions of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy are composed predominantly of small lymphocytes with admixed macrophages, plasma cells, and segmented leukocytes. The phenotypes of the lymphoid cells in these infiltrates of human Chagas' disease have not been previously detailed. We used a panel of monoclonal and(More)
We have previously reported that heart lesions in patients with chronic cardiac Chagas' disease are composed predominantly of granzyme A+, cytolytic CD8+ T lymphocytes. We now pursue this study in the immunopathology of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy by investigation of the expression of HLA antigens, and adhesion molecules in the hearts of seven chagasic(More)
The main pathologic findings in 23 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Chagas' disease are reviewed; five are from our own experience and 18 from the literature. The presence of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites and/or T. cruzi antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid was recorded and computerized tomograms of the brain were evaluated.(More)
A morphometric study of the circular colon musculature was performed, in which the mast cell count was determined and the connective fibrous tissue in this layer was measured. The objective was to gain better understanding of Chagas megacolon morphology and contribute towards the knowledge of fibrosis pathogenesis in Chagas megas. An evaluation was made of(More)
This study was made with the objective of reevaluating the colon denervation in chronic Chagas' disease. The diameters of neuron perikaryons of the myenteric plexus were measured on paraffin sections in a ring from the sigmoid in Chagas' disease patients, 17 with and 10 without megacolon and in 10 non-chagasic controls. All neurons were counted in ten(More)
Myocardial exsudate CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes were counted in transmural left ventricular free wall frozen sections taken from 10 necropsied chronic cardiac chagasic patients. The cells were labeled with monoclonal antibodies using a streptavidin-biotin technique. We counted: 1) lymphocytes in the total exsudate (LTE) and, separately, 2) the lymphocytes(More)
Confocal fluorescence microscopy combined with differential interference contrast imaging of tissues from chagasic patients enabled the unequivocal identification of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Using different monoclonal antibodies that indicate the parasite form and replication stage in conjunction with DNA labelling, specimens derived from distinct(More)