Edis Dzananovic

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RNA helicase associated with AU-rich element (RHAU) is an ATP-dependent RNA helicase that demonstrates high affinity for quadruplex structures in DNA and RNA. To elucidate the significance of these quadruplex-RHAU interactions, we have performed RNA co-immunoprecipitation screens to identify novel RNAs bound to RHAU and characterize their function. In the(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) has a positive sense RNA genome with conserved structural elements in the 5' and 3' -untranslated regions required for polyprotein production. Antiviral immunity to WNV is partially mediated through the production of a cluster of proteins known as the interferon stimulated genes (ISGs). The 2' 5'-oligoadenylate synthetases (OAS) are(More)
RNA Helicase associated with AU-rich element (RHAU) (DHX36) is a DEAH (Aspartic acid, Glumatic Acid, Alanine, Histidine)-box RNA helicase that can bind and unwind G4-quadruplexes in DNA and RNA. To detect novel RNA targets of RHAU, we performed an RNA co-immunoprecipitation screen and identified the PITX1 messenger RNA (mRNA) as specifically and highly(More)
Foreign double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) generated during the normal course of the viral life cycle serves as a key infection recognition element by proteins of the innate immune response. To circumvent this response, all adenoviruses synthesize at least one highly structured RNA (VA(I)), which, after processing by the RNA silencing machinery, inhibits the(More)
Adenovirus virus-associated RNA (VAI) provides protection against the host antiviral response in part by inhibiting the interferon-induced double stranded RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR). VAI consists of three base-paired regions; the apical stem responsible for the interaction with double-stranded RNA binding motifs (dsRBMs) of PKR, the central stem(More)
Nucleic acids rich in guanine are able to fold into unique structures known as G-quadruplexes. G-quadruplexes consist of four tracts of guanylates arranged in parallel or antiparallel strands that are aligned in stacked G-quartet planes. The structure is further stabilized by Hoogsteen hydrogen bonds and monovalent cations centered between the planes. RHAU(More)
In humans, the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase (PKR) is expressed in late stages of the innate immune response to viral infection by the interferon pathway. PKR consists of tandem dsRNA binding motifs (dsRBMs) connected via a flexible linker to a Ser/Thr kinase domain. Upon interaction with viral dsRNA, PKR is converted into a(More)
Highly structured RNA derived from viral genomes is a key cellular indicator of viral infection. In response, cells produce the interferon inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) that, when bound to viral dsRNA, phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 2α and attenuates viral protein translation. Adenovirus can evade this line of defence through(More)
2' 5'-Oligoadenylate synthetases (OAS) are interferon-stimulated proteins that act in the innate immune response to viral infection. Upon binding viral double-stranded RNA, OAS enzymes produce 2'-5'-linked oligoadenylates that stimulate RNase L and ultimately slow viral propagation. Truncations/mutations in the smallest human OAS isoform, OAS1, results in(More)
Intramolecular G-quadruplexes (G4s) are G-rich nucleic acid structures that fold back on themselves via interrupting loops to create stacked planar G-tetrads, in which four guanine bases associate via Hoogsteen hydrogen bonding. The G4 structure is further stabilized by monovalent cations centered between the stacked tetrads. The G-tetrad face on the top(More)