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The pharmacokinetics of dextro(+)- and levo(-)-verapamil were studied in five healthy volunteers following oral administration of pseudoracemic verapamil containing equal amounts of unlabelled (-)- and dideuterated (+)-isomer. (+)-verapamil exhibited approximately five times greater Cmax (+): 240 +/- 81.1 ng/ml, (-): 46.1 +/- 15.7 ng/ml, P less than 0.0001)(More)
Experiments in animals have indicated that CGS 5,649 B [6-(2-isopropylaminopropyl)-3-pyridinol fumarate] might enhance memory and learning processes and might be a valuable drug for treatment of impairment of vigilance and mental performance in the elderly. CGS 5,649 (I) is extensively metabolized. Therefore, we investigated the excretion of the drug and(More)
Traditional monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) have long been associated with tyramine-related hypertension--the cheese effect. Despite their undoubted clinical efficacy, this problem has restricted their use. New, selective, and reversible MAO-A inhibitors--which act only on the A isoenzyme--appear not to have this effect. Our investigations of these(More)
OBJECTIVE This was a randomised, open, three-way crossover study in 12 healthy male volunteers to determine the effect of a single oral dose of cimetidine on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist valsartan and vice versa. The volunteers received either valsartan alone (160 mg), or cimetidine alone (800 mg), or(More)
CGP 28,014 is a specific inhibitor of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) in vivo. In humans, the inhibition was assessed by measuring urinary excretion of isoquinolines and with the levodopa test. Following administration of CGP 28,014, urinary excretion of isoquinolines was significantly increased. In rats, CGP 28,014 reduced plasma and striatal(More)
The formation of the two major metabolites of the antiarrhythmic and oxytocic drug sparteine (2- and 5-dehydrosparteine) exhibits a genetic polymorphism. Two phenotypes, extensive (EM) and poor metabolizers (PM) are observed in the population. The frequency of the PM phenotype in various populations (Caucasian and Japanese) ranges from 2.3 to 9%. The(More)
The metabolic fate of brofaromine (CGP 11 305 A), a new, reversible, selective MAO-A inhibitor, has been assessed in poor (PM) and extensive (EM) metabolizers of debrisoquine. Compared to EM, PM had significantly longer t1/2 (136%) and larger AUC(0-infinity) (110%) of the parent compound brofaromine and a lower Cmax (69%) and AUC (0-72 h) (40%) of its(More)