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OBJECTIVE The relationship of Gantzer muscle to the median and anterior interosseous nerve is debated. METHODS Ìn an anatomical study with 80 limbs from 40 cadavers the incidence, origin, insertion, nerve supply and relations of Gantzer muscle have been documented. RESULTS The muscle was found in 54 forearms (68% of limbs) and was supplied by the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the path of the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IBSN) using the medial joint line, anterior tibial tuberosity (ATT), tibial collateral ligament and a horizontal line parallel to the medial joint line that passes over the ATT, as reference points, in order to help surgeons to diminish the likelihood of injuring this nerve(More)
Objetivo: O propósito de nosso trabalho foi avaliar o efeito que o grau de flexão do joelho, durante a perfuração dos túneis femorais, pode causar no comprimento desses túneis, na reconstrução anatômica do ligamento cruzado anterior. Métodos: Medimos o comprimento dos túneis femorais anteromedial e posterolateral do ligamento cruzado anterior, em 20 peças(More)
OBJECTIVE To induce growth of a neomeniscus into the pores of a prosthesis in order to protect the knee joint cartilage. METHODS 70 knees of 35 New Zealand rabbits were operated. The rabbits were five to seven months old, weighed 2 to 3.8 kilograms, and 22 were male and 13 were female. Each animal underwent medial meniscectomy in both knees during a(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the radiographic images of the femoral insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), in order to assist the creation of anatomical femoral tunnels during surgeries, and to be used as parameters in postoperative evaluation of the location of these tunnels. METHODS Thirty adult cadaver knees were used. The PCL anterolateral (AL)(More)
OBJECTIVE : This paper reports the incidence, origin, course and anatomical relationships of intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis. METHODS : Anatomical dissection of 100 limbs from 50 adults cadavers was performed. The intramuscular Martin-Gruber anastomosis was found in five forearms, three in the right and two in the left side, one was bilateral. All(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of dipyrone on healing of tibial fractures in rats. METHODS Fourty-two Wistar rats were used, with mean body weight of 280g. After being anesthetized, they were submitted to closed fracture of the tibia and fibula of the right posterior paw through manual force. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the anatomical variations of the pronator teres muscle (PTM) and its implication in the compression of the median nerve, which passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the PTM. METHODS For the present study, 100 upper limbs from human cadavers from the anatomy laboratory were dissected. Forty-six specimens were male and four,(More)
OBJECTIVES To put forward an anatomical description of the innervation of the elbow capsule, illustrated through morphological analysis on dissections. METHODS Thirty elbows from fresh fixed adult cadavers aged 32-74 years, of both sexes, were dissected. RESULTS Among the dissected arms, we observed that the median nerve did not have any branches in two(More)
OBJECTIVE This experimental study aimed to evaluate the biological performance of poly (l-co-D, l-lactic acid)-co-trimetilene carbonate/poly (vinyl alcohol) (PLDLA-co TMC/PVA), hydrogel scaffolds, as an implant in the filling (and not in the repair) of osteochondral defects in New Zealand rabbits, assessing the influence of the material in tissue protection(More)