Learn More
Hippocampal region CA3 contains strong recurrent excitation mediated by synapses of the longitudinal association fibers. These recurrent excitatory connections may play a dominant role in determining the information processing characteristics of this region. However, they result in feedback dynamics that may cause both runaway excitatory activity and(More)
Metaplasticity, the plasticity of synaptic plasticity, is thought to have a pivotal role in activity-dependent modulation of synaptic connectivity, which underlies learning and memory. Metaplasticity is usually attributed to modifications in glutamate receptor-mediated synaptic transmission. However, experimental evidence and theoretical considerations(More)
Learning-related cellular modifications were studied in the rat piriform cortex after operand conditioning. Rats were trained to discriminate positive cues in pairs of odors. In one experimental paradigm, rats were trained to memorize 35-50 pairs of odors ("extensive training"). In another paradigm, training was continued only until rats acquired the rule(More)
We studied the role of acetylcholine (ACh) in creating learning-related long-lasting modifications in the rat cortex. Rats were trained to discriminate positive and negative cues in pairs of odors, until they demonstrated rule learning and entered a mode of high capability for learning of additional odors. We have previously reported that pyramidal neurons(More)
1. In transverse brain slice preparations of rat piriform cortex, we characterized the repetitive firing properties of layer II pyramidal cells in control conditions (n = 78) and during perfusion of the cholinergic agonist carbachol (n = 26), with the ultimate goal of developing realistic computational simulations of the cholinergic modulation of the(More)
We studied the effect of olfactory learning on the dendritic spine density of pyramidal neurons in the rat piriform (olfactory) cortex. Rats were trained to distinguish between two pairs of odours in an olfactory discrimination task. Three days after training completion, rats were killed and layer II pyramidal neurons identified by Golgi impregnation were(More)
Although small conductance (SK)-mediated calcium-dependent potassium currents are usually mostly thought to modulate neuronal adaptation by suppressing repetitive spike firing, recent evidence suggests that these channels also modulate synaptic transmission. SK2 channels were shown to be activated in dendritic spines following calcium entry via(More)
This review describes research that combines cellular physiology with behavioral neuroscience, to study the cellular mechanisms underlying learning and memory in the mammalian brain. Rats were trained with an olfactory conditioning paradigm, in which they had to memorize odors in order to be rewarded with drinking water. Such training results in rule(More)
Learning-related modifications in predisposition for long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) were studied in brain slices of the rat piriform cortex following olfactory learning. Rats were trained to discriminate between pairs of odors until they demonstrated rule learning. We have previously shown that such training is accompanied by(More)