Inbar Brosh8
Drorit Saar7
Shira Knafo6
8Inbar Brosh
7Drorit Saar
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Metaplasticity, the plasticity of synaptic plasticity, is thought to have a pivotal role in activity-dependent modulation of synaptic connectivity, which underlies learning and memory. Metaplasticity is usually attributed to modifications in glutamate receptor-mediated synaptic transmission. However, experimental evidence and theoretical considerations(More)
Olfaction is a principal sensory modality in rodents, and rats quickly learn to discriminate between odors and to associate odor with reward. Here we show that such olfactory discrimination (OD) learning consists of two phases with distinct cellular mechanisms: an initial NMDAR-sensitive phase in which the animals acquire a successful behavioral strategy(More)
Long-term memory is supported not only by modulation of synaptic strength, but also by modifications in intrinsic neuronal properties. Learning-induced enhancement of neuronal excitability has been shown in the hippocampus and the piriform cortex, where it lasts for days and is involved in maintaining the learned skills. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) is(More)
We studied the effect of olfactory learning-induced modifications in piriform (olfactory) cortex pyramidal neurons on the propagation of postsynaptic potentials (PSPs). Rats were trained to distinguish between odors in pairs, in an olfactory discrimination task. Three days after training completion, PSPs were evoked in layer II pyramidal cells in piriform(More)
Pyramidal neurons in the piriform cortex from olfactory-discrimination-trained rats show enhanced intrinsic neuronal excitability that lasts for several days after learning. Such enhanced intrinsic excitability is mediated by long-term reduction in the postburst afterhyperpolarization (AHP), which is generated by repetitive spike firing. AHP reduction is(More)
Training rats to perform rapidly and efficiently in an olfactory discrimination task results in robust enhancement of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic connectivity in the rat piriform cortex, which is maintained for days after training. To explore the mechanisms by which such synaptic enhancement occurs, we recorded spontaneous miniature excitatory and(More)
Learning of a particularly difficult olfactory-discrimination (OD) task results in acquisition of rule learning. This remarkable enhancement in learning capability is accompanied by long-term enhancement of synaptic connectivity between piriform cortex (PC) pyramidal neurons. Because successful performance in the OD task requires integration of information(More)
We have previously shown that olfactory-discrimination (OD) learning is accompanied by enhanced spine density along proximal apical dendrites of layer II pyramidal neurons in the piriform (olfactory) cortex. Here we studied the temporal dynamics of learning-induced modifications in dendritic spine density throughout the dendritic trees of these neurons. We(More)
Olfactory-discrimination learning results with a series of intrinsic and excitatory synaptic modifications in piriform cortex pyramidal neurons. Here we show that such learning results with long-lasting enhancement of inhibitory synaptic transmission onto proximal dendrites of these pyramidal neurons. Such enhancement is mediated by a strong hyperpolarizing(More)