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The mechanisms by which ubiquitin ligases are regulated remain poorly understood. Here we describe a series of molecular events that coordinately regulate CHIP, a neuroprotective E3 implicated in protein quality control. Through their opposing activities, the initiator E2, Ube2w, and the specialized deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB), ataxin-3, participate in(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion in the Ca(V)2.1 voltage-gated calcium channel subunit (CACNA1A). There is currently no treatment for this debilitating disorder and thus a pressing need to develop preventative therapies. RNA interference (RNAi) has proven effective at(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) and other polyglutamine (polyQ) neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by neuronal accumulation of the disease protein, suggesting that the cellular ability to handle abnormal proteins is compromised. As both a cochaperone and ubiquitin ligase, the C-terminal Hsp70 (heat shock protein 70)-interacting protein (CHIP) links the(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by the presence of an abnormally expanded polyglutamine domain in the N-terminus of huntingtin. We developed a recombinant adeno-associated viral serotype 5 (rAAV5) gene transfer strategy to posttranscriptionally suppress the levels of striatal mutant huntingtin (mHtt) in the R6/1 HD(More)
Suppressing the expression of toxic genes through RNAi holds great promise for the treatment of human disease. Allele-specific approaches have now been used to silence dominant toxic genes implicated in several neurological disorders. Here, we review strategies used to achieve allele-specific silencing in light of recent developments in the field of RNAi(More)
Despite recent advances suggesting new therapeutic targets, Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains incurable. Aberrant production and accumulation of the Abeta peptide resulting from altered processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is central to the pathogenesis of disease, particularly in dominantly inherited forms of AD. Thus, modulating the production(More)
Gene transfer strategies to reduce levels of mutant huntingtin (mHtt) mRNA and protein by targeting human Htt have shown therapeutic promise in vivo. Previously, we have reported that a specific, adeno-associated viral vector (rAAV)-delivered short-hairpin RNA (siHUNT-2) targeting human Htt mRNA unexpectedly decreased levels of striatal-specific transcripts(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a dominantly inherited ataxia caused by a polyglutamine-coding expansion in the ATXN3 gene. Suppressing expression of the toxic gene product represents a promising approach to therapy for MJD and other polyglutamine diseases. We performed an extended therapeutic trial of RNA interference (RNAi) targeting ATXN3 in a mouse(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a polyglutamine expansion in the deubiquitinating enzyme, Ataxin-3. Currently, there are no effective treatments for this fatal disorder but studies support the hypothesis that reducing mutant Ataxin-3 protein levels might reverse or halt the progression of disease in SCA3. Here,(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a recently described conserved biological pathway where non-coding RNAs suppress the expression of specific genes. Research efforts in the RNAi field aim to gain a better understanding of how its underlying machinery is orchestrated, to define the biological role of this conserved pathway, determine how to effectively manipulate(More)