Edgar Schömig

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The recently identified transport proteins organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1), OCT2, and extraneuronal monoamine transporter (EMT) accept dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, and 5-hydroxytryptamine as substrates and hence qualify as non-neuronal monoamine transporters. In the present study, selective transport substrates were identified that allow, by(More)
Renal secretion of organic cations involves at least two distinct transporters, located in the basolateral and apical membranes of proximal tubule cells. Whereas the basolateral transporter has recently been cloned, sequence information about the apical type was not yet available. An organic cation transporter, OCT2p, was cloned from LLC-PK1 cells, a(More)
The recently cloned apical renal transport system for organic cations (OCT2) exists in dopamine-rich tissues such as kidney and some brain areas (Gründemann, D., Babin-Ebell, J., Martel, F., Ording, N., Schmidt, A., and Schömig, E. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 10408-10413). The study at hand was performed to answer the question of whether OCT2 accepts(More)
Clinical efficacy of the antiplatelet drug clopidogrel is hampered by its variable biotransformation into the active metabolite. The variability in the clinical response to clopidogrel treatment has been attributed to genetic factors, but the specific genes and mechanisms underlying clopidogrel bioactivation remain unclear. Using in vitro metabolomic(More)
High amounts of acrylamide in some foods result in an estimated daily mean intake of 50 microg for a western style diet. Animal studies have shown the carcinogenicity of acrylamide upon oral exposure. However, only sparse human toxicokinetic data is available for acrylamide, which is needed for the extrapolation of human cancer risk from animal data. We(More)
The kidneys and the liver are the principal organs for the inactivation of circulating organic cations. Recently, an organic cation transporter (OCT1) has been cloned from rat kidney. In order to answer the question whether OCT1 is involved also in hepatic uptake of organic cations, the pharmacological characteristics of organic cation transport in(More)
The extraneuronal monoamine transporter (EMT) corresponds to the classical steroid-sensitive monoamine transport mechanism that was first described as "uptake2" in rat heart with noradrenaline as substrate. The organic cation transporters OCT1 and OCT2 are related to EMT. The three carriers share basic structural and functional characteristics. Hence, EMT,(More)
CONTEXT Regular intake of cocoa-containing foods is linked to lower cardiovascular mortality in observational studies. Short-term interventions of at most 2 weeks indicate that high doses of cocoa can improve endothelial function and reduce blood pressure (BP) due to the action of the cocoa polyphenols, but the clinical effect of low habitual cocoa intake(More)
Although cannabis belongs to the most widely used drugs among adolescents, little is known about its acute and lasting neurobehavioral effects during critical developmental periods. In the present study we investigated acute and long-term behavioral effects of the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) in pubertal and adult rats. Chronic WIN (1.2(More)