Edgar Santos

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OBJECTIVES The detection of the hemodynamic and propagation patterns of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in the gyrencephalic brain using intrinsic optical signal imaging (IOS). METHODS The convexity of the brain surface was surgically exposed in fourteen male swine. Within the boundaries of this window, brains were immersed and preconditioned with an(More)
Denture stomatitis (DS) is frequently associated with high levels of Candida in saliva and deficient denture hygiene. In order to analyse the incidence of DS and its pre-disposing factors, we evaluated 77 edentulous patients before and 6 months after the placement of new complete dentures. Denture stomatitis was observed in 50.6 and 18.2% of the patients at(More)
Cerebral autoregulation and, consequently, cerebrovascular pressure reactivity, can be disturbed after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Continuous monitoring of autoregulation has shown its clinical importance as an independent predictor of neurological outcome. The cerebral pressure reactivity index (PRx) reflects that changes in seconds of cerebrovascular(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recommend maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) between 50 and 70 mmHg, depending on the state of autoregulation. We continuously assessed dynamic cerebral autoregulation and the possibility of determination of an optimal CPP (CPPopt) in ICH patients. Associations between(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We studied the dynamics of extracellular brain tissue concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate during the occurrence of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS In this prospective observational study, patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage received(More)
A modern understanding of how cerebral cortical lesions develop after acute brain injury is based on Aristides Leão's historic discoveries of spreading depression and asphyxial/anoxic depolarization. Treated as separate entities for decades, we now appreciate that these events define a continuum of spreading mass depolarizations, a concept that is central(More)
Haemodynamic responses to spreading depolarizations (SDs) have an important role during the development of secondary brain damage. Characterization of the haemodynamic responses in larger brains, however, is difficult due to movement artefacts. Intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging, laser speckle flowmetry (LSF) and electrocorticography were performed in(More)
The cerebral pressure reactivity index (PRx) correlates with the outcome in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) patients and has been used to define an autoregulation-oriented “optimal cerebral perfusion pressure” (CPPopt). PRx has been calculated as a moving correlation coefficient between mean arterial pressure (MAP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) averaged(More)
OBJECTIVE We correlated oxygen, flow, and pressure indices of cerebrovascular reactivity (CR) with extracellular cerebral metabolite concentrations in a porcine model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Continuous advanced multimodal monitoring including microdialysis, cerebral blood flow and P(br)O(2) probes were placed 1 cm in front of the(More)
OBJECT The pressure reactivity index (PRx) correlates with outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is used to calculate optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt). The PRx is a correlation coefficient between slow, spontaneous changes (0.003-0.05 Hz) in intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial blood pressure (ABP). A novel index-the so-called long(More)