Edgar Santos

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OBJECTIVES The detection of the hemodynamic and propagation patterns of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in the gyrencephalic brain using intrinsic optical signal imaging (IOS). METHODS The convexity of the brain surface was surgically exposed in fourteen male swine. Within the boundaries of this window, brains were immersed and preconditioned with an(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recommend maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) between 50 and 70 mmHg, depending on the state of autoregulation. We continuously assessed dynamic cerebral autoregulation and the possibility of determination of an optimal CPP (CPPopt) in ICH patients. Associations between(More)
Cortical spreading depolarization is a wave of almost complete depolarization of the neuronal and glial cells that occurs in different neurological diseases such as migraine with aura, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, head trauma and stroke. These depolarization waves are characterized by a change in the negative potential with an(More)
Microalgae have emerged as potentially powerful platforms for the production of recombinant proteins and high-value products. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a potentially important host species due to the range of genetic tools that have been developed for this unicellular green alga. Transformation of the chloroplast genome offers important advantages over(More)
Spreading depolarization (SD) is a wave of mass neuronal and glial depolarization that propagates across the cerebral cortex and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of brain injury states and migraine with aura. Analgesics and sedatives seem to have a significant effect on SD modulation. Studies have shown that ketamine, an NMDA receptor blocker, has(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to co-record electrical changes using electrocorticography (ECoG) and blood volume changes using intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging during the induction, propagation, and termination of cortical spreading depolarizations (CSDs). METHODS Anesthetized male swine were craniotomized and monitored over 16-20 h. A(More)
Eco-safe driving is a driving style that tries to minimize vehicle emissions and ensure the drivers' safety. It is an important contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions of transport. However, current methods do not scale to teaching eco-safe driving to many people, including the next generation of drivers. Consequently, we developed BeGreen, an(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether cortical spreading depolarizations (CSD) occur in the early stage after cortical intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Ten anesthetized male swine were examined over 19 h. Two cerebral probes were inserted around the ICH (microdialysis and thermodiffusion cerebral blood flow), ICP was monitored contralaterally and up to(More)
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