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Denture stomatitis (DS) is frequently associated with high levels of Candida in saliva and deficient denture hygiene. In order to analyse the incidence of DS and its pre-disposing factors, we evaluated 77 edentulous patients before and 6 months after the placement of new complete dentures. Denture stomatitis was observed in 50.6 and 18.2% of the patients at(More)
Cerebral autoregulation and, consequently, cerebrovascular pressure reactivity, can be disturbed after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Continuous monitoring of autoregulation has shown its clinical importance as an independent predictor of neurological outcome. The cerebral pressure reactivity index (PRx) reflects that changes in seconds of cerebrovascular(More)
The cerebral pressure reactivity index (PRx) correlates with the outcome in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) patients and has been used to define an autoregulation-oriented “optimal cerebral perfusion pressure” (CPPopt). PRx has been calculated as a moving correlation coefficient between mean arterial pressure (MAP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) averaged(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recommend maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) between 50 and 70 mmHg, depending on the state of autoregulation. We continuously assessed dynamic cerebral autoregulation and the possibility of determination of an optimal CPP (CPPopt) in ICH patients. Associations between(More)
OBJECTIVE We correlated oxygen, flow, and pressure indices of cerebrovascular reactivity (CR) with extracellular cerebral metabolite concentrations in a porcine model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Continuous advanced multimodal monitoring including microdialysis, cerebral blood flow and P(br)O(2) probes were placed 1 cm in front of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We studied the dynamics of extracellular brain tissue concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate during the occurrence of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS In this prospective observational study, patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage received(More)
Multimodal cerebral monitoring was utilized to examine the relationship between pathological changes in microdialysis parameters and the occurrence of spreading depolarizations (SD) in brain-injured patients. SD are a relatively newly discovered phenomenon in man found to be linked to secondary insults and infarct growth and they can be detected via(More)
Spreading depolarization (SD) is a wave of mass neuronal and glial depolarization that propagates across the cerebral cortex and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of brain injury states and migraine with aura. Analgesics and sedatives seem to have a significant effect on SD modulation. Studies have shown that ketamine, an NMDA receptor blocker, has(More)
Objectives. Estimate the prevalence of immunity to poliomyelitis (anti-polio antibodies) in the city of São Paulo/Brazil through a population-based survey. Methods. A quantitative and inductive method was used to draw a representative sample of the population. Randomization and stratification (based on sex, age and residence region) was done, and 1,059(More)
OBJECTIVES The detection of the hemodynamic and propagation patterns of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in the gyrencephalic brain using intrinsic optical signal imaging (IOS). METHODS The convexity of the brain surface was surgically exposed in fourteen male swine. Within the boundaries of this window, brains were immersed and preconditioned with an(More)