Edgar Marcelino de Carvalho

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One hundred fourteen Leishmania isolates from patients with different clinical forms of leishmaniasis in the State of Bahia, Brazil, were characterized by indirect radioimmune binding assay using specific monoclonal antibodies (serodeme analysis). Seventy-five of these isolates were also analyzed by enzyme electrophoresis, based on 11 enzyme loci; parasite(More)
During an epidemiological study of visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic region of Brazil, new perspectives emerged on a subclinical form of the disease. A group of 86 children with antibody to Leishmania were identified. None of these children had a history of leishmaniasis. The children were segregated into four groups: One group remained asymptomatic (n =(More)
The clinico-pathological and immunological findings in eight patients from Bahia, Brazil with disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis are described. This condition differs from anergic diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) and from classical American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). The number of lesions in these patients ranged from 75 to 800 and were(More)
The cytokine profile produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in response to leishmania antigens and the ability of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) to modulate the immune response were evaluated in 21 mucosal leishmaniasis patients. Patients with mucosal disease exhibited increased gamma interferon(More)
Strongyloides stercoralis is the most common human parasitic nematode that is able to complete a life cycle and proliferate within its host. The majority of patients with strongyloidiasis have an asymptomatic infection or mild disease. However, when autoinfection occurs, a high number of infecting larvae can gain access to the bloodstream by penetrating the(More)
The course of human infection with Leishmania braziliensis is variable, ranging from self-healing infection to chronic disease. It is therefore a useful system in which to study immunoregulatory aspects of leishmaniasis, including the effects of parasite antigens on host responses. In the present study, we report on the cloning of, expression of, and(More)
Eight Bahian patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis who had 20 or more ulcerative lesions of short duration are described. Of five identifications of isolated parasites, four were Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis and one was L. mexicana amazonensis. All but one had positive Montenegro tests initially, and all did after treatment. All had circulating(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of cytokines in hepatic fibrosis in the prehepatosplenic and early hepatosplenic stages of schistosomiasis mansoni. Hepatic fibrosis was classified by ultrasonography of 94 patients. Immunological evaluation was performed by the measurement of secreted cytokines (interleukin-5 [IL-5], IL-10, IL-13, gamma(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO*) plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent in mouse macrophages. NO* resistant Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been associated with a severe outcome of these diseases. METHODS In this study we evaluated the in vitro toxicity of nitric oxide for the promastigote stages of Leishmania (Viannia)(More)
After vaccination with tetanus toxoid (TT), TT-specific immune responses in humans infected with Schistosoma mansoni were assessed. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from vaccinated infected subjects and vaccinated uninfected controls were evaluated for their ability to produce cytokines characteristic of Th1 or Th2 cells (interferon [IFN]-gamma or(More)