Edgar L. Milford

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BACKGROUND AND METHODS The extent to which renal allotransplantation - as compared with long-term dialysis - improves survival among patients with end-stage renal disease is controversial, because those selected for transplantation may have a lower base-line risk of death. In an attempt to distinguish the effects of patient selection from those of(More)
This study creates a compendium of gene expression in normal human tissues suitable as a reference for defining basic organ systems biology. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we analyze 59 samples representing 19 distinct tissue types. Of approximately 7,000 genes analyzed, 451 genes are expressed in all tissue types and designated as housekeeping genes.(More)
Multiple sclerosis is thought to be an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system mediated by T cells specific for a myelin antigen. Myelin basic protein has been studied as a potential autoantigen in the disease because of its role as an encephalitogen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and post-viral encephalomyelitis and because of the(More)
BACKGROUND As of May 1, 1995, the National Marrow Donor Program had a donor registry consisting of over 1.35 million HLA-typed volunteers recruited from most major cities and states in the United States. This registry represents the largest single HLA-typed pool of normal individuals in the world. METHODS We analyzed the HLA-A, -B, -DR locus phenotypes of(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation and in the progression of chronic kidney disease. Accumulation of inflammatory cells into the renal parenchyma has been a hallmark of chronic kidney disease; however, little is known concerning the presence and the function of RAS elements in T and natural killer(More)
This national study compares waitlisting and transplantation rates by gender, race, and diabetes and evaluates physiologic factors (panel-reactive antibodies [PRA], blood type, HLA matchability) and related practices (early and multiple waitlisting) as explanatory factors. This longitudinal study of the time to transplant waitlisting among 228,552 incident(More)
Evidence suggests that the New World was colonized only 11,000-40,000 years ago by Palaeo-Indians. The descendants of these Palaeo-Indians therefore provide a unique opportunity to study the effects of selection on major histocompatibility complex class I genes over a short period. Here we analyse the class I alleles of the Waorani of South America and the(More)
Dual transplant of marginal kidneys otherwise not considered for single transplant may give access to an expanded pool of cadaveric organs without exposing recipients to the drawbacks of a limited nephron mass supply. This prospective, case-control study compares adverse events and graft outcome in 24 recipients of two marginal kidneys from donors who were(More)
The findings cited in this report suggest that renal allograft survival might be improved by matching nephron supply to recipient needs (analogous to prescription dialysis based on Kt/V). Methods for assessing functional graft capacity (ie, nephron number, filtration, or total microvascular surface area) are needed. Graft weights might serve as a useful(More)